Japan's government is going to play Cupid in an attempt to encourage more couples to have babies. The country has one of the lowest birth rates in the world and politicians are turning to novel methods to get people to add to the population. One of these methods is local authorities acting as matchmakers. Japan's national government will support any local government effort at speed dating, online matchmaking and other ways to coax couples to get together and start families. The draft recommendations call for intensive efforts over the next five years. The report says Japan faces a "critical situation" in which the dwindling number of children could cause serious social problems for the country.
One reason the government has found for Japan's falling birth rate is the rising cost of raising children.The government hopes to address this with a variety of measures. These include plans to improve access to free nursery care, special centres for people undergoing fertility treatment, and a target to increase thenumber of fathers taking paternity leave after their baby is born to 80 per cent by the year 2020. There are also plans to provide greater support for families with three or more children. By 2060, nearly 40 per cent of Japan's population will be aged over 65. The over-65s already constitute 25 per cent of the population. The birth rate has fallen steadily from 4.54 children per mother in 1947 to just 1.42 in 2014.
为了让更多日本夫妻生孩子，日本政府将扮演丘比特的角色。日本是世界婴儿出生率最低的国家之一，政治家正在利用新的办法来增加人口 。其中一种办法就是让当地政府扮演和事老的角色 。日本中央政府将不遗余力地支持当地政府的行动，这些包括婚配、网上婚配以及其他能够组建家庭的机会 。这项草案的内容是在今后五年推进这一计划的发展 。报告称日本正在面临困难的局面，急剧下降的儿童数量将为国家造成非常严重的社会问题 。
1.paternity leave 父亲假
Do you think it is necessary for man to have the paternity leave?
2.nursery care 托儿所
Trying different jobs, and even by virtue of self-learning has opened the whole nursery, care for children
3.online matchmaking 在线交友
Like love itself, the world of online matchmaking is full of happy surprises.
4.a variety of 多种多样的
Fancy many: to produce a variety of colours, patterns, the surface of a wide range.
1.What character will Japan's government play as matchmaker?
a) 007 (James Bond)
b) Hello Kitty
2.What adjective was used to describe the methods Japan will use?
3.What will local governments act as?
d) record keeper
4.How long will intensive efforts at increasing the population be?
a) 5 years
b) 7 years
c) 8 years
d) 10 years
5.What could cause serious problems for the country?
a) high cost of weddings
b) high tax
c) the dwindling number of children
d) the roads
6.What is a major reason for the falling birth rate?
b) the cost of raising children
c) birth control methods
7.What does the government hope to provide to parents for free?
a) health care
8.What extra benefits does the government plan to give to fathers?
a) paternity leave
b) free slippers
c) free healthcare
d) bus passes
9.When will almost 40% of Japan's population be over 65?
10.What was Japan's birth rate in 1947?