The United Nations is cutting staff for the first time in its history. The U.N. General Assembly approved a staff cut for the first time since the international body was created in 1945. The decision means a reduction of 219 positions, which represents two per cent of all U.N. posts. In addition, the General Assemblyauthorised freezes on pay rises for one year and benefits for two years. It acted in response to pressuresfrom member states to reduce spending. Many governments around the world say they are struggling to meet their share of contributions to fund the global organisation. Many nations are still suffering from austerity measures taken after the global financial crisis.
The United States' ambassador to the U.N. Joe Torsella said the cuts were "crucial" and would "eliminate unnecessary, duplicative or outdated posts". He told the General Assembly: "At a time when the budgets and crucial services of many…organisations have been squeezed, these measures will hold compensation costs inplace, until we can act in the next session." He added: "Our shared goal should be to ensure that the United Nations can maximise the results that it delivers with the amount of resources that member states are collectively able to provide." The United States, which pays 22 per cent of the U.N. budget, is the biggestfinancial contributor to the United Nations.
联合国史上首次裁员。自从1945年联合国建立以来，这也是联合国大会首次批准裁员计划 。这项决议意味着将减少219个职位，相当于联合国所有职位的10% 。此外，联合国大会批准了员工工资1年之内禁止加薪以及2年之内禁止增加奖金的指令 。这是对联合国成员国减少开支所作出的回应 。全球许多政府称他们正在努力来满足对联合国的资金投入 。金融危机之后，许多国家仍然采取财政紧缩措施 。
1.in response to 响应
例句：In response to the question “How satisfied are you with your life in general?
2.in addition 此外
例句：In addition, you can elect to share your files with others.
3.General Assembly 联合国大会
例句：As we gather for this 62nd General Assembly, the standards of the Declaration must guide our work inthis world.
4.struggle to 奋斗
例句：We should make the best use of the situation and guide the struggle to victory.
1.How many times in its history has the U.N. now made staff cuts?
2.How many jobs will go?
3.For how long will benefits be frozen?
c) three years
d) two years
4.What did member states pressure the U.N. to do?
a) reduce services
b) cut jobs
c) cut spending
d) become smaller
5.What did many countries introduce after the global financial crisis?
a) issue lots of money
b) invest overseas
c) spend on social infrastructure
d) introduce austerity measures
6.Who is Joe Torsella?
a) a reporter
b) the UN deputy Secretary-General
c) the US ambassador to the UN
d) The UN's ambassador to the USA
7.Who did Joe Torsella talk to?
a) the General Assembly
b) the White House
c) the Security Council
d) U.N. staff who lost their jobs
8.What has happened to budgets and services of many organisations?
a) they've disappeared
b) they've quadrupled in size
c) they've been squeezed
d) they've been inflated
9.What does the U.N. have to do with the results it delivers?
a) immortalise them
b) maximise them
c) amortise them
d) minimise them
10.What financial contribution does the USA make to the UN?