Professor Stephen Hawking, one of the world's most renowned scientists, has warned that robots and machines with artificial intelligence could one day mean the end of us all. Professor Hawking recently told the BBC in an interview that: "The development of full artificial intelligence (AI) could spell the end of the human race." The famous cosmologist made his warning in response to a question about an update to the app he uses to allow him to communicate. Hawking suffers from motor neuron disease (also known as ALS) and needs a special voice synthesizer to talk. The update will be able to predict words he might want to use based on his previous communication.
Hawking said that AI has given many benefits to many people. He said it is still in its early stages of development, but when it becomes more sophisticated, it could prove a threat to our existence. He said: "It would take off on its own, and re-design itself at an ever increasing rate. Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn't compete, and would be superseded." This is not the first time he has issued such a warning. He gave a more chilling warning in April 2014, saying: "One can imagine such technology outsmarting financial markets, out-inventing human researchers, out-manipulating human leaders, and developing weapons we cannot even understand."
斯蒂芬霍金教授,是世界上最著名的科学家之一,已经警告说,机器人与人工智能机器可能意味着我们所有人的终结。霍金教授最近在一次采访中告诉BBC记者，完善的人工智能(AI)的发展,将是人类的终结 。著名的宇宙学家用警告回答一个问题称，应用程序的更新升级可以让他通过app来与人沟通 。霍金患有运动神经元病(也称为ALS),需要一个特殊的语音合成器来说话 。这一升级的应用程序能够基于先前在沟通中使用的词汇，来预测他将要说的话 。
霍金说,人工智能使许多人受益匪浅。他说,人工智能仍处于初级发展阶段,但当它变得更加复杂的时候,这可能威胁到我们的生存 。他说，人工智能可能会脱离人类自己发展，并以势不可挡的速度重新升级完善自身 。人类受到缓慢的生物进化过程的限制,无法与其竞争,最终将被取代 。这不是他第一次发出这样的警告 。2014年4月,他曾做出过令人感到更加恐惧的警告说，你可以想象这样的技术可能会超越金融市场,超越人类研究者的发明，超越所有有控制能力的人类领导者，研发出一些我们无法理解的武器 。
1.artificial intelligence 人工智能
Making robots that have to survive in real bodies, day to day on their own, is the only way to find artificial intelligence, or real intelligence.
2.the end of…的最后
We tacked ourselves to the end of a long movie queue.
However, such cooperation must base on trust, negotiation, equality and mutual benefits. It must proceed from actual facts, rather than deductions.
The unpiloted craft, which can take off from an airport runway, has no external rockets and two engines use hydrogen and oxygen to propel it more than 18 miles into space.
5.financial market[金融] 金融市场
That pressure is understandable given that European events remain the key threat to financial market stability and global recovery at the moment.
1.Which news agency did professor Hawking talk to?
2.What did Hawking say AI could spell the end of?
a) the alphabet
c) the human race
3.Which one of professor Hawking's jobs was mentioned in the article?
a) theoretical physicist
4.What is motor neuron disease also known as?
5.What will a new app used by Hawking be able to predict?
b) the future
d) new comets
6.Who did Hawking say has benefited from AI?
b) computer makers
d) many people
7.What did Hawking say AI threatens?
a) the universe
b) our existence
c) mainframe computers
8.What did Hawking say humans are limited by?
a) quantum physics
b) their brains
d) biological evolution
9.When did Hawking previously warn us about the dangers of AI?
a) August 1999
b) May 2006
c) April 2014
d) March 2010
10.What did Hawking say AI would develop that we could not understand?