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新奇事件簿(翻译+字幕+讲解):昆虫也能感受到疼痛
日期:2019-09-04 09:33

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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New research shows that insects feel pain. The researchers say it isn't the same kind of pain that humans feel. The pain that insects feel is a sensation that is like pain. The research was conducted at the University of Sydney in Australia. Professor Greg Neely, co-author of the research report, said: "People don't really think of insects as feeling any kind of pain, but it's already been shown in lots of different invertebrate animals that they can sense and avoid dangerous things that we think of as painful." He added: "We knew that insects could sense 'pain' but what we didn't know is that an injury could lead to long-lasting hyper-sensitivity...in a similar way to human patients' experiences."

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昆虫也能感受到疼痛.jpg
The researchers looked at how fruit flies reacted to injuries. The scientists damaged one leg on the flies and allowed the leg to heal. They found that after the leg fully healed, the flies became more sensitive and tried harder to protect their legs. Professor Neely said the pain the flies felt stayed in their memory and this changed their behaviour. He said: "After the insect is hurt once badly, they are hypersensitive and try to protect themselves for the rest of their lives." Neely says he hopes to carry out more research to better understand how humans feel pain. He said: "We are focused on making new stem cell therapies or drugs that target the underlying cause and stop pain for good."

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重点解析

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1.The research was conducted at the University of Sydney in Australia.

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conduct进行;实施

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I decided to conduct an experiment
我决定进行一次实验WmQ*P@a8ij-cYwg~~z

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2.The researchers looked at how fruit flies reacted to injuries.

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react to 做出反应

Someone allergic to milk is likely to react to cheese
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参考翻译

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新研究表明昆虫能感觉到疼痛LBT7lw+4Qv1ZN。研究人员表示这种疼痛和人类感受到的疼痛不同#^+bsy*@nBW!7Hj。昆虫感受到的是一种类似于疼痛的感觉e63bY;dA.(。该研究由澳大利亚悉尼大学进行k8p%ixJUj8A*。该研究报告的联合作者Greg Neely教授表示:“人们并不认为昆虫能感受到任何痛,但事实已经证明很多不同的无脊椎动物可以感受到痛并且还能避免人类认为痛苦的危险事物-HI|g3sYWz。”他还说道:“我们知道昆虫可以感受到痛,但我们并不知道受伤是否会造成持久的超敏性,就类似于人类病人所经历的那样fREW|vH%I_P*i8RD)。”

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研究人员观察了果蝇对受伤的反应(s;TZNwSb[K]7。科学家弄伤了果蝇的一条腿并让这条腿进行愈合yhBX@&5PTD+n1AP,py。他们发现这条腿完全愈合后,果蝇变得更加敏感并会更努力的保护自己的腿];dzgDNRTjUvoIG^。Neely教授表示果蝇感受到的痛留存在了记忆中,还改变了它们的行为b]7.;8LhI%U(XgK。他称:“昆虫受过一次重伤后,它们变得超级敏感,以后也都会努力保护它们自己4%JPCBH8+(sOg|Y.。”Neely说他希望进行更多研究以更好地了解人类如何感受疼痛[_mQobkhrT(fRa0G&。他表示:“我们致力于制造新的干细胞疗法或药物,针对潜在的原因并永久停止疼痛mI+].g_R+_dCGC[E%^。”

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