Scientists recently found the coldest place on Earth. Satellites measured a temperature of minus 93.2 degrees Celsius on part of Antarctica. Scientists still need to do more tests on the data. The real temperature could be one degree colder. The coldest temperature found before this was also in Antarctica. This was minus 89.2 degrees Celsius. Scientist Dr Ted Scambos said: "These very low temperatures are hard to imagine."He explained: "It's almost as cold below freezing as boiling water is above freezing." He added that parts of Antarctica are 50 degrees colder than Siberia. Nowhere on Antarctica is as cold as the Moon. Temperatures there got as low as minus 238 degrees Celsius.
Unfortunately, the record freezing temperatures measured by the satellites won't be in the Guinness Book of Records. The temperatures must be from a couple of meters above the ice. The scientists also have to usea thermometer. The satellites' temperatures were a few centimetres above the ice and they did not use a thermometer. Dr Scambos said he is sure that the temperatures recorded by the satellites are accurate. He also said that they would be too cold for a thermometer to work properly. He said it was so cold that you cannot breathe the air. When scientists go outside, they must wear a snorkel that goes inside their coat. They breathe the warmer air that is close to their skin.
最近，科学家发现了地球上最寒冷的地区。卫星在南极部分地区测量出了零下93.2度的低温 。就这一数据，科学家还要进行更多测试 。真实的温度可能还要再冷一度 。之前发现的最冷地区也出现在南极 。当时是零下89.2摄氏度 。泰德·斯坎姆波斯博士认为：“这些地区的温度是很难想象的 。”他解释道：“冰点以下的温度就如同冰点以上的沸点一样 。”他还称南极部分地区的温度要比西伯利亚低50度 。南极上没有地方和月球一样寒冷 。月球上的温度会达到零下238摄氏度 。
1.be hard to 很难
例句：It will be hard to overcome decades of mistrust, but we will proceed with courage, rectitude and resolve.
2.have to 不得不
例句：You will not have to wait long.
3.be close to 接近于
例句：We all need our gods to be close to what we eat.
4.degree Celsius 摄氏度
例句：The minimum is minus fifteen degree celsius.
1.When did scientists find the record cold temperatures?
d) September 23
2.What was the record temperature?
3.What do scientists still need to do?
a) more tests
b) visit more places
c) go to Siberia
d) find one degree
4.How much colder is Antarctica than Siberia?
a) 238 degrees
b) 50 degrees
c) 89.2 degrees
d) they're about the same
5.Where was a temperature of minus 238 degrees Celsius recorded?
a) inside an iceberg
b) the North Pole
d) the Moon
6.How far above the ice did the satellites record the temperatures?
a) 2.3 metres
b) a few centimetres
c) 23 millimetres
d) exactly one metre
7.What did a scientist say about the satellites' temperature recordings?
a) they are accurate
c) they are wrong
d) they are too cold
8.What cannot work properly in the coldest part of Antarctica?
d) ice cream machines
9.What do scientists in Antarctica use to breathe outside?
a) an air-conditioned helmet
b) a thermal scarf
c) scuba-diving air tanks
10.Where is the warm air that scientists in Antarctica breathe?
a) near their skin
c) in heated bottles of air
d) in solar panels on their clothes