Voters in Switzerland have overwhelmingly rejected a proposal that would have meant introducing a guaranteed basic monthly income for all citizens. The referendum took place on Sunday and resulted in almost 77 per cent of voters opposing the plan. The idea was to provide a minimum salary to those who have been a citizen for at least five years, whether they worked or not. It was suggested the monthly amount could be around $2,500. The group behind the proposal argued that the initiative was necessary to overhaul Switzerland's social welfare system. A spokesperson said it would help fight poverty and inequality. He added that it would provide a top-up for people who earned less than the minimum wage.
Supporters of the plan argued that because work was becoming increasingly automated across Switzerland, there were fewer jobs available for workers. Che Wagner from the campaign group Basic Income Switzerland argued that the monthly income would not be money for nothing. He said: "In Switzerland, over 50 per cent of total work that is done is unpaid. It's care work. It's at home. It's in different communities, so that work would be more valued with a basic income." Opponents said it would cause the country many immigration problems. Luzi Stamm from the Swiss People's Party said: "You would have billions of people who would try to move into Switzerland."
瑞士以压倒性票数否决了“月基本保障收入”提案。全民公投于上周日展开，近77%选民投反对票 。无论工作与否，该提案要为本国公民（至少五年）提供最低工资保障 。月收入约2500美元 。该提案倡议者表示，此举对于改革本国社会福利制度至关重要 。发言人表示，该提案将解决贫困和不平等问题 。对于那些达不到最低工资标准的公民而言，此举也可补贴收入 。
提案支持者认为，随着本国自动化水平加快，工人工作少之又少。“瑞士基本收入”组织成员瓦格纳认为，这不会是那种不劳而获的事 。他认为：“本国有超50%的工作是无偿工作 。许多是照料性工作 。是家庭性工作 。在不同社区，因此基本保障收入让工作更有价值 。”反对者认为此举将引发移民问题 。“瑞士人民党”议员史塔姆认为：“数十亿人口将因此而移民瑞士 。”
1.try to 设法
例句：Try to mend this hole in my shirt.
2.so that 所以
例句：I'll give you all the facts so that you can judge for yourself.
我把所有事实都告诉你， 使你得以自己作出判断 。
3.result in 导致
例句：The unsatisfiedness of the workmen resulted in a strike.
4.basic income 基本收入
例句：Access to social grants for all who have on basic income.
1) What did voters reject that was guaranteed every month?
a) a referendum
b) monthly income
c) a vote
d) a job
2) What percentage of voters opposed the plan?
a) around 77%
b) just over 77%
c) exactly 77%
d) nearly 77%
3) What was it suggested the monthly salary would be?
a) about $2,500
b) just over $2,500
c) exactly $2,500
d) just under $2,500
4) What did someone say the plan was to overhaul in Switzerland?
a) basic income
b) all social problems
c) the social welfare system
5) What did a supporter say the income would fight, besides inequality?
6) What did supporters say was becoming increasingly automated?
7) What did a campaign group say the money would not be for?
b) care work
8) How much work in Switzerland did a campaigner say was unpaid?
a) more than half
9) What kind of problems did the Swiss People's Party predict?
a) immigration problems
b) opponents' problems
c) financial problems
d) monthly problems
10) How many people did a party say would move to Switzerland?