The European Union has ruled that workers with no fixed office should be paid for travelling to and from their first and last appointments of their day. This could have a huge impact on the payroll expenses of companies across Europe. The European Court of Justice said that the journeys of workers who do not have a fixed place of work, and who travel between their home and their customers’ premises, are to be paid work. This means potentially higher salaries for care workers, sales staff, plumbers, nannies and other company employees who work from home. The court said it was to protect the health and safety of workers and ensure they did not work longer than 48 hours per week.
The ruling means that thousands of companies across Europe could be forced to change their business arrangements. Many will have to rearrange the working schedules of employees to ensure that their first and last appointments are near their homes. A British employment lawyer, Chris Tutton, told the BBC that: "Unless [bosses] adjust working hours or ask employees to opt out of the 48-hour working week, employees could quickly exceed the number of hours they are legally allowed to work. Bosses could therefore soon find that they are operating illegally and be at risk of facing costly claims against them." The ruling does not affect people's daily commute to their normal, fixed place of work.
1.working hours 工作时间
例句：They are lounging away their working hours.
2.paid work 有偿工作
例句：Pakistani men allocate the same amount of time to paid work, housework and child care as Swedish men.
3.care worker 护理员
例句：One elderly woman felt her care worker had discriminated against her on caste grounds, while a physiotherapist was also alleged to have refused to treat someone of low caste.
4.Court of Justice 法院
例句：Turkish diplomats said they would take up the matter of the blockade in the International Court of Justice in the Hague.
1.Which workers come under the EU's new ruling?
b) employment lawyers
c) company bosses
d) those with no fixed offices
2.What kind of expenses could the ruling have a huge impact on?
3.What could be higher for nannies and care workers?
a) travelling costs
c) working hours
4.What does the EU want to protect?
c) workers' health and safety
5.What is the maximum hours per week the EU wants for workers?
6.What could businesses be forced to change?
c) business arrangements
7.Where should a worker's first and last appointments be near?
a) their home
b) company HQ
c) a train station
d) the beginning of the month
8.What is the job of Chris Tutton?
d) EU politician
9.What could bosses be at risk of facing?
b) costly claims
c) the music
d) the sack
10.Who does the ruling not affect?
a) regular commuters