Scientists in France say they have found a link between eating spicy food and high levels of testosterone in men. Testosterone is a hormone and steroid that is found in male and female bodies that is responsible for sexual development. Men generally produce it at a 20 times greater rate than women. It is usually a sign of male bravado and masculinity. Men with higher levels of testosterone are commonly seen as being moresexually active, arrogant, brave and bigger risk takers. Report co-author Laurent Begue said the findings of his study were "in line with a lot of research showing a link between testosterone and financial, sexual and behavioural risk-taking".
Professor Beque's study looked at the degree to which 114 men aged between 18 and 44 liked spicy food. Themen were asked to add a hot pepper sauce to a dish of mashed potatoes. They then had to evaluate the spiciness of what they ate. The researchers tested the saliva of the men and found that those who put more pepper sauce on their potatoes were the ones with higher levels of testosterone. Britain's health service website nhs.uk said the study was too small to prove a definite link between spice and testosterone. It said many other things could influence a preference for spicy food. These include genetic, cultural and psychological factors.
法国科学家发现辛辣食物与男性睾丸素的升高有关。睾丸素是一种荷尔蒙激素，也是一种类固醇，男性和女性身体中都存在睾丸素，它可以促进性行为的产生 。通常情况下，男性睾丸素是女性的20倍 。这种激素能够体现男性的肌肉美 。男性睾丸素一旦升高就会产生性冲动、喜欢冒险、性格会变得自大 。联合作者劳伦·贝格认为这一发现与大量研究相一致，这些研究都阐述了睾丸素和男性性行为、冒险精神等之间的关系 。
那些放入更多辣椒的男性拥有更高的睾丸素 。英国健康服务网站认为这项研究范围过于狭窄，并无法认定辛辣品与睾丸素之间的关系 。网站称还有许多因素可以影响人们对辛辣食物的喜爱 。这些包括基因、文化、心里因素 。
1.spicy food 辛辣食品
Something like this, and the spicy food there.
2.a sign of 象征
How you manage and cope with change is a sign of your professionalism and maturity.
3.mashed potatoes 土豆泥
Think about some other ways you can achieve this same effect in a dish like mashed potatoes.
4.a preference for 偏好
Migrants bring a preference for large families with them—though this is changing as fertility falls in their countries of origin.
1.Where were the scientists who found the link?
2.Where is testosterone found?
b) in the left knee
c) in pharmacies
d) the male and female body
3.How many more times can a man's body produce testosterone?
4.Who is Laurent Begue?
a) curry chef of the year, 2012
b) a saliva expert
c) a co-author of the report
d) the world-record testosterone holder
5.What kind of risk-taking is mentioned besides sexual and financial?
6.What were the ages of the men who participated in the study?
7.What did the men have to evaluate?
c) testosterone levels
8.What did the researchers test in the men's mouths?
9.What organization said the study was too small to prove anything?
a) Britain's health service
b) the World Curry Foundation
c) Testosterone Anonymous
d) the WHO
10.What things besides cultural and genetic factors make us like spices?
b) psychological factors
d) cooking shows on TV