For the past 100 years, people believed middle age to be around 50 years old. This is when we start to grow 'old'. However, new research says we have to change this. A study from the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIAS) in Austria and Stony Brook University in New York says middle age now starts at 60 or even 65, or older. Why? The biggest reason is that we are living longer. We are also healthier,we have better diets, we exercise more and we have more money to live a nicer lifestyle. The IIAS said: "Since life expectancies have increased over the past several decades, and are continuing to increase, people once considered 'old' should actually be viewed as more middle aged."
The study was not a worldwide one so perhaps not everyone in all countries can say they are middle aged when they are 65. The researchers looked at populations in 39 European countries, so this is good news for Europeans. Britain's National Health Service warned against looking at this study and believing it to be 100 per cent true. It said the researchers did not look at things which could reduce life expectancy: "We don't know whether, for example, they factored in the possible impact of being unable to treat infections because of rising antibiotic resistance, or the increased numbers of people with diabetes due to obesity." It recommended healthy living, eating and exercise as a way to live longer.
在过去的100年中，人们一直相信中年应该是50岁左右。从这时期开始，我们开始变老 。但是，新的研究称我们应对此进行改变 。澳大利亚应用系统分析国际研究所和纽约州立大学石溪分校的研究称中年应该开始于60或65岁，或是更老一些 。为什么？其中最大的原因是我们生活的时间变长了 。我们也变得更加健康，我们的饮食更加健康、体育锻炼有所增强，我们有足够的资金来过好日子 。应用系统分析国际研究所称：“在过去的十几年中，人类的寿命正在逐渐增长，目前还在不断增长，我们曾经认为的“老”应该看成是中年年纪 。
1.life expectancy 寿命
例句：Over the past 25 years, life expectancy after 50 has risen in the United States, but at a slower rate thanin countries like Japan and Australia, said the National Academy of Sciences report.
2.National Health Service 英国国民医疗服务体系
例句：Moreover, Mr Obama's most coveted legislative aim, the creation of a sort of national health service,remains elusive.
3.due to 由于
例句：The traffic accident was allegedly due to negligence.
4.view as 把…看作
例句：Imagining anything worse would be tricky politically ; it also goes beyond what most officials viewas a plausible worst-case scenario.
1.For around how many years have people though middle-aged was 50?
2.Where is the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis?
3.What is the biggest reason that middle age could now be 60?
a) we are living longer
b) the rules changed
d) they got it wrong before
4.For how long have life expectancies been increasing?
a) since 1957
b) 76 years
5.Who should now be viewed as middle aged?
a) old people who are young at heart
b) people we once thought were old
c) people with grey hair
d) all overweight 50-year-olds
6.How many European countries did researchers look at?
7.Which country's health service said not 100% of the study was true?
8.What kind of resistance might the study have not looked at?
9.What did the article say was linked to obesity?
10.What did the NHS say might happen if you exercise and eat healthily?
a) you could get a prize
b) you could live longer
c) you could save money
d) you could lose 20kg