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新奇事件簿(翻译+字幕+讲解):新型冠状病毒可能人传人
日期:2015-09-29 09:52

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The World Health Organisation (WHO) has warned that a new coronavirus strain could be passed from human to human. The virus, called nCoV-EMC, looks like an offshoot of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), which killed 775 people and infected 8,273 between 2002-03. However, the WHO was quick to point out that the new strain isn't as virulent as SARS. The warning came after the 34th case worldwide came to light on Sunday. A man is in a "very serious but stable" condition in an intensive care unit in France. It is believed he contracted the virus while vacationing in Dubai in April. The new coronavirus has already claimed the lives of 18 people, 15 of the fatalities being in Saudi Arabia.

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nCoV-EMC.jpg

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Coronavirus causes respiratory illnesses in both humans and animals. Unlike SARS, which spread from birds and animals to humans, the new strain could have mutated to spread between people. A WHO spokesman, Keiji Fukuda, told reporters in the Saudi capital Riyadh on Sunday that the new virus posed an "important and major challenge" for those countries already affected and for the whole world. He stressed that while the new virus was not SARS, it was very worrying. He said: "Of most concern is the fact that the different clusters seen in multiple countries increasingly support the hypothesis that when there is close contact, this coronavirus can transmit from person to person".

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中文翻译

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世卫组织警告称,一种新型冠状病毒可能会在人与人之间传播U@sC+[y.YPIz;+FYUH。这种病毒名叫“nCoV-EMC”,它非常像SARS的衍生物,在2002-2003年,SARS病毒导致775人死亡,8273人感染jPDbb-Gv|3++qjK。然而,世卫组织马上指出,这种新型病毒的致病性并不像SARS那样高x!r[hY&Ga+LA%。就在世卫组织发出警告之前,全球于周日确诊了第34例感染病例DX.8+rbVb+GWq&%53_R。该男子现位于法国的一家重症监护室,虽然情况危急,但仍然稳定v1j9Umvw&5x%nh。人们认为他是在今年4月在迪拜度假时感染该病毒的kY+uQOV&Ej&ntXSWI;。这种新型冠状病毒已经致18人死亡,其中有15人来自沙特8;7r]Sar(YzR

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冠状病毒能够同时在人类和动物体内产生呼吸性疾病b9TWwq+Tw@~wyaCkF。不像SARS,SARS是通过飞禽和动物传播给人类的,而这种新型冠状病毒或将发生变异,并发生人传人现象NDC&FCJl1c=s4.。周日,世卫组织发言人福田敬二在沙特首都利雅得对记者称,不仅仅是对那些遭受侵扰的国家,这种新型病毒对全球构成了挑战KeTPE1]2GlCHM。他强调称,这种病毒并不是SARS,这让人们非常担忧4aKh~@S[5uFP=Xt。他称:“现在最让人们担忧的是,目前在许多国家出现的传染情况更加让人们相信,人与人之间的亲密接触会导致传播.]8@C2qWLBt!D1v77。”

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译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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重点讲解

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1.come to light 为人所知

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例句:It has come to light that he was lying.

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大家都知道他在说谎G@|0g*#1DFGyTamE4P

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2.intensive care unit 重症监护病房

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例句:In fact, she was lying metres away in the intensive care unit of the same hospital.

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而实际上, 他女儿就在几米外同所医院的重症病房里.

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3.close contact 密切接触

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例句:The two countries maintained close contact with each other throughout the crisis.

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两国在危机期间保持着密切联系.

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4.point out 指出

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例句:I should point out that these estimates cover just the hospital expenditures.

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我应该指出,这些估算仅包括医院的费用n]4_qSD6hV2Bn(^XW,5.

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听力题目

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1.What did the WHO warn of?

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a) to wash our hands regularly

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b) not to live near chickens

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c) person-to-person infection

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d) thousands of deaths

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2.How many did SARS infect and kill?

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a) it infected over 8,000 and killed 775

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b) it infected fewer than 8,000 and killed 775

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c) it infected 775 and killed 8,273

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d) it infected fewer than 800 and killed fewer than 8,000

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3.How is the man in the French hospital?

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a) he's up and about

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b) he's near to a full recovery

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c) his vital signs are deteriorating

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d) he's in a serious but stable condition

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4.How did the man get the virus?

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a) after eating chicken

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b) while on holiday in the UAE

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c) he was researching the virus

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d) no one knows

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5.How many fatalities have there been and where are they?

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a) 775 worldwide

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b) 80, 50 in Dubai

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c) 18, 15 in Saudi Arabia

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d) 3 in France

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6.How does the virus differ from SARS?

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a) it's identical

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b) it can pass from person to person

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c) it causes a fever

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d) there's no hope of recovery

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7.How could the new strain have arisen?

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a) after an accident in a research lab

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b) it's a long-lost prehistoric strain

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c) it has always been with is

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d) it could have mutated

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8.What did Mr Fukuda want to make people aware of?

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a) that wearing a mask eliminates any risk

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b) that nCoV-EMC isn't SARS

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c) that travelling could be dangerous

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d) not to get too close to people

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9.Which countries face a challenge?

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a) every country

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b) Saudi Arabia and the UAE

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c) only France

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d) those in the northern hemisphere

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10.What hypothesis seems to be supported?

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a) that viruses spread among humans

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b) the nCoV-EMC hypothesis

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c) the WHO / SARS hypothesis

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d) that being near people can spread the virus

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听力答案

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1.c

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2.a

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3.d

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4.b

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5.c

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6.d

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7.b

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8.d

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9.a

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10.d

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重点单词
  • severeadj. 剧烈的,严重的,严峻的,严厉的,严格的
  • spreadv. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒 n. 伸展,传
  • strainn. 紧张,拉紧,血统 v. 劳累,拉紧,过份使用
  • transmitvt. 传输,传送,代代相传,传达 vi. (以无线电或
  • multipleadj. 许多,多种多样的 n. 倍数,并联
  • virulentadj. 有毒的,有恶意的,充满敌意的
  • vitaladj. 至关重要的,生死攸关的,有活力的,致命的
  • stableadj. 稳定的,安定的,可靠的 n. 马厩,马棚,一批
  • respiratoryadj. 呼吸的,与呼吸有关的
  • infectvt. 传染,感染