Hot cups and mugs are the biggest causes of burns in children. This is according to research from Cardiff University in Wales, U.K. The lead researcher, Professor Alison Mary Kemp, said parents needed to be more aware of the dangers to children of everyday objects in the home. She said the most dangerous time for toddlers to burn themselves is from nine months of age. This is when babies begin crawling and walking. They start exploring the rooms around them. Of course, babies do not know what is dangerous and what is not, sothey touch everything they can reach up to. Dr Kemp said: "Parents may underestimate the potential reach height of their toddler."
The researchers looked at data from three leading burns departments in U.K. hospitals, as well as five emergency departments. Almost 75 per cent of children treated for burns were under the age of five, with mostburn injuries happening to one-year-olds. Most of the burns were because the child reached up and pulled acup or mug containing a hot drink on top of themself. The researchers warned that any hot drink could burna baby, even 15 minutes after it has been made. This is because a baby's skin is much thinner than an adult's skin, so it is easier to burn. The researchers advised parents to have a rethink about where they place hot objects and keep them out of reach of small children.
热水杯和马克杯最容易使儿童造成烫伤。这是英国威尔士卡迪夫大学发表的一项研究 。艾莉森·玛丽·坎普是这项研究的负责人，她认为家中生活物品给儿童带来的危险更应该引起父母的注意 。她说最容易让婴儿烫伤的年龄是从9个月开始的 。因为这时是婴儿开始学习攀爬和走路的时候 。他们开始探索他们所居住的房间 。当然，婴儿不知道哪个危险，哪个不危险，所以他们总是去触摸他们所能够到的东西 。坎普博士说：“父母也许是低估了孩子所能够到的高度 。
1.emergency department 急诊
例句:We see the manifestationsof obesity in the emergency department.
2.burns department 烧伤科
例句:The clinical scale of the Burns Department is anterior in the country. With leading skills domestically, the survival rate of patients suffering from large deep burn registers 96%.
3.happen to 发生于
例句:If I should happen to be a catalyst more than others, I consider that a tribute to those who have inspire me.
4.be aware of 意识到
例句:They should be aware of their rights.
1.Which country is the research from?
2.Who needs to be more aware of dangers to children?
c) the police
3.When is the most dangerous time for babies?
a) 18 months
b) 15 months
c) 12 months
d) 9 months
4.What don't babies know?
a) how to make a cup of coffee
b) what is and isn't dangerous
c) how high things are
d) the names of everyday objects
5.What do parents underestimate in babies?
a) how dangerous they are
b) how thin their skin is
c) how high they can reach
d) how intelligent they are
6.How many emergency departments did researchers look at?
7.What percentage of children with burns were under five?
c) almost two-thirds
d) nearly three-quarters
8.How long after making it is a hot drink still dangerous?
a) 18 minutes
b) 15 minutes
c) 17 minutes
d) 16 minutes
9.Why is a baby's skin easier to burn than an adult's skin?
a) it's thinner
b) it's smaller
c) it's thicker
d) it's oilier
10.What must parents keep out of reach of children?
c) coffee cups
d) hot things