If you spend most of your days sitting at school, work, at a computer or stretched out on a couch at home, you may be taking up to two years off your life. It is common knowledge that a sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, cancer and obesity, and can result in premature death. Many people think they can compensate for sitting around by walking, playing sports or going to the gym. Unfortunately, this might not be so. A new study just published in the journal 'Annals of Internal Medicine' suggests the effect on our longevity from sitting for long periods of time cannot be reversed through exercise. Even 60 minutes of daily exercise may not be enough.
The study is from Dr David Alter and his colleagues at Toronto University. Dr Alter and his team analysed 47 studies that tracked different groups of people, who kept notes on how long they sat down each day and how much they exercised. They found that the most sedentary groups had a 24% increased chance of dying during the course of the study than the least sedentary ones. This remained the case even though those who sat a lot also did 60 minutes of daily exercise. Dr Alter writes: "Reducing your sit-down time by 2-3 hours each day by standing up at your desk, taking frequent breaks to stretch and walk, or watching TV…on your feet may be better than an expensive, crowded, smelly gym and be just what the doctor ordered."
1.heart disease 心脏病
例句：You should not consume any oil if you have heart disease.
2.compensate for 补偿
例句：Nothing can compensate for the loss of one's health.
3.take break 休息
例句：Even for those who can't or don't want to take a break, the lesson still applies.
4.premature death 早逝
例句：Intelligent people live longer—the correlation is as strong as that between smoking and premature death.
1.What did the article say you might be sitting on at home?
a) a bed
b) a couch
c) the floor
d) an office chair
2.What kind of diabetes is mentioned in the article?
3.What does the article say going to the gym cannot compensate for?
4.What is the 'Annals of Internal Medicine'?
a) a hospital department
b) a government department
c) a journal
d) a website
5.What may not be reversed through 60 minutes of exercise?
b) the effects on longevity of sitting
6.At which university was the study conducted?
d) Cape Town
7.How many different studies did the researchers look at?
8.Who had a 24% increased chance of dying?
a) groups who sat
9.How long did a doctor recommend sitting down less each day?
a) 2-3 hours
b) 2-3 minutes
c) 23 minutes
d) 23 hours
10.What might watching TV standing up be better than?
b) going shopping
c) gaming standing up
d) going to the gym