Lee Kwan Yew is credited with leading Singapore into full independence and prosperity.
He led his tiny nation from the end of British colonial rule through the trauma of the the second world war and its post-war exclusion from the Malaysian Federation.
His administration often face criticism over its harsh treatment of political opponents and restrictions to media freedom.
We haven't got much elbow room for making mistakes.If you make mistakes，you're over the cliffs and if you're over the cliffs, there's no rescue.
I mean you can't come back and start all over again.
Mister lee also clashed with Australia.
The Singapore leader criticizing Australia's bilateral approach to it's strict immigration policies.
Is it necessary to be offensive? That's the point I wanted to make.
Mister lee's family association with Singapore spanned five generations bearing Harry Lee Kwan Yew in 1923.
He studied at Raffles College where he proved to be a top student.
He spoke English as his first language after the fall with Singapore to the Japanese in 1942,
Mister lee worked as an interpreter in the occupied propaganda office where he studied and learned to speak Japanese.
At war's end, he studied in London and read law at Cambridge University.
Returning to Singapore， he formed the People's Action Party，learned to speak Chinese，went to the Parliament when Britain granted self-governance
and became prime minister when the UK seeded full independence.
Despite the small community，full separation from the Malaysian Federation.
Mister lee oversaw Singapore's development into one of the world's greatest cities with finance and commerce and trade.
1.elbow room 能施展的地方或空间
His speech was designed to give himself more political elbow room.
2.bilateral approach 双边政策
Third, the balance between multilateral and bilateral approach.
Democratic self-government does not work, according to Plato, because ordinary people have not learned howto run the ship of state.
4.media freedom 新闻自由
Media freedom and human rights, issues that never undermined Slovenia's EU membership campaign, also came to the fore in the past year.