The world this week
Ebrahim Raisi, a conservative cleric and former chief of the judiciary, won Iran’s presidential election with 62% of the vote. His main rivals had all been barred from running. Turnout was less than 49%, a record low, as many liberal and moderate Iranians stayed at home. Mr Raisi promised to continue working with America and other world powers to resuscitate the nuclear deal signed in 2015, but said he would not meet Joe Biden. And he insisted that Iran’s ballistic missile programme and its support for foreign militias were not negotiable.
伊卜拉希姆·莱希是一名保守派神职人员，也是伊朗前司法部长，他以62%的选票赢得了伊朗总统选举。他的主要对手都被禁止参加竞选 。由于许多自由和温和的伊朗选民没有参与投票，投票率低于49%，创历史新低 。莱希承诺将继续与美国和其他世界大国合作，重启2015年签署的核协议，但他表示不会与乔·拜登会面 。他还坚称，伊朗的弹道导弹计划及其对外国民兵的支持是不容谈判的 。
Kenneth Kaunda, the founding president of Zambia, died at the age of 97. He is remembered as a giant of Africa’s liberation from colonial rule and for stepping down when he lost an election in 1991. He also locked up opponents and crashed the economy.
赞比亚首任总统肯尼斯·卡翁达逝世，享年97岁。他是帮助非洲摆脱殖民统治的伟人，也因1991年的选举中落败后下台而被人们铭记 。他还把对手监禁起来，并且搞垮了经济 。
Leaders of the 16 countries in the Southern African Development Community, a regional bloc, agreed to send an armed force to Mozambique to battle jihadists, who have caused nearly 1m people to flee their homes.
Ethiopians voted in a parliamentary election marred by the arrest of opposition leaders and the disenfranchisement of a fifth of voters. The election was not held in four of the country’s ten regions because of conflict or mishaps, such as misprinted ballot papers.
The Supreme Court of Japan ruled that laws requiring married couples to use the same surname are constitutional, rejecting a challenge by petitioners seeking to keep their original surnames.
Brazil’s environment minister, Ricardo Salles, resigned amid a police investigation into an illegal wood-smuggling ring. Under Mr Salles’s watch the rate of deforestation in the Amazon soared by over 40%. His replacement has ties to Brazil’s farming lobby.
巴西环境部长里卡多·萨勒斯(Ricardo Salles)因警方调查一起非法木材走私团伙而辞职。萨勒斯在任期间，亚马逊雨林的毁林率飙升了40%以上 。他的继任者与巴西农业游说团体有联系 。
1. presidential election 总统选举
A presidential election was scheduled for last December.
2. a record low 创纪录新低
The temperature reached a record low in London last night.
3. lock up 把...锁起来
We locked up our valuables so they would not go astray.
4. step down 辞职；下台
Mubarak would not step down.