日期:2013-09-11 00:43



Business this week
Aug 31st 2013 |From the print edition
Microsoft began hunting for a new chief executive, after Steve Ballmer’s unexpected decision to step down within 12 months. He took over the job from Bill Gates in 2000. Under his leadership Microsoft has remained a software behemoth, but some investors have criticised it for being too cautious. It was late entering the mobile-device market, and Windows will power few of the200m tablets expected to be sold this year. One question is whether the committee searching for Mr Ballmer’s successor will tap an outsider to shake things up.  
In the latest mega-deal in the drugs industry Amgen, the world’s biggest biotechnology company, agreed to buy Onyx, which specialises in cancer treatments, for $10.5 billion. In a separate deal AstraZeneca said it would acquire Amplimmune, which produces therapies to boost the human immune system against cancer, for $500m.
Steering towards a date
Nissan set 2020 as the year it intends to roll out its first driverless car for the mass market. A number of carmakers are working on prototypes with driverless technology, as is Google, but Nissan is the first to promise a production date. Next year it will open an experimental “town” inJapan to road-test autonomous cars. But even if the vehicles are ready by 2020, it is unlikely that the laws and infrastructure to support them will be.
Vodafone confirmed it was in discussions with Verizon about the “possible disposal” of its 45% stake in Verizon Wireless. Vodafone took its holding in 1999, but has been trying to either sell it or spin it off for years. The stake is worth around $130 billion.
英国电信公司沃达丰确认与美国移动电话公司威瑞森进行了谈判,前者可能出售其持有的威瑞森无线45%的股份^23!eG+~QMo|T~jTb@。沃达丰于1999年收购了这笔股权,但此后一直对抛售还是转股举棋不定Q@,[,.A%Jy8b。 这部分股票价值约1300亿美元i1jn7%.N0XE%e+s2!-
Emerging-market currencies continued to take a battering. The Indian rupee fell below 68 to the dollar for the first time, in its worst one-day decline since 1995. This was despite the government unveiling a ten-point plan to reduce India’s current-account deficit. And the Turkish lira fell to a new record low, after the governor of Turkey’s central bank alarmed investors by saying he was “not worried at all” about exchange rates.  
South Africa’s economy grew by 3% at an annualised rate in the second quarter, well below the 7% needed to reduce unemployment significantly. One bright spot is manufacturing, which is benefiting from the depreciating rand.
Seeking shelter
The prospect of a Western military strike on Syriaweighed heavily on markets. Gold prices were at three-month highs. Brent oil hita six-month peak, andWest Texas intermediate was at its highest for two years.
BATS Global Markets and Direct Edge Holdings, America’s third- and fourth-biggest stockmarket operators by volume, announced a merger. BATS (which stands for “better alternative trading system”) was founded by a high-frequency trader. Its merger with Direct Edge will make it the second-biggest equity stockmarket, ahead of NASDAQ.
美国第三大股票交易所运营商巴兹全球市场公司和第四大交易所运营商Direct Edge宣告合并)(n7w_R6);X6Fso^e。巴兹(意为“交易系统更好的替代方案”)由一名高频交易员创建,通过此次与Direct Edge合并,它将超过纳斯达克,成为全美第二大股票交易所运营商eDaBo]tWE|Pq.PJFA
NASDAQ, meanwhile, launched an inquiry into the electronic glitch that caused it to cease trading for three hours on August 22nd.
Josef Ackermann resigned as chairman of Zurich Insurance, following the suspected suicide of its chief financial officer. Mr Ackermann, a former boss of Deutsche Bank, said he was stepping down because he believed that it is what the dead man’s family wanted.
Mark Carney, the governor of the Bank of England, toughened his pledge to keep interest rates at 0.5% until the unemployment rate falls to 7%. He said 7% was not a “trigger” and rates would be kept low until there is a broad recovery. Markets have factored in a rate increase for 2015, a year sooner than when the central bank expects to raise them.
Brazil raised its main interest rate for the fourth time since April, to 9%, to tackle doggedly high inflation.
Sweden’s government proposed tougher capital requirements for the country’s banks and gave new powers to implement the rules to the Financial Supervisory Authority, rather than the central bank. Sweden’s banks account for a large chunk of the economy; the level of household debt is among the highest in Europe.
Here we go again
America’s Treasury Department warned that the government’s borrowing limit would be reached by mid-October, which is earlier than many had expected. The last big fight over increasing the debt ceiling was in 2011.
Walmart, America’s biggest private-sector employer, extended health care and other benefits to the partners of its unmarried staff, including its gay employees, in all 50 states. To qualify, a couple need only confirm that they have been in a relationship for at least a year and have an indefinite commitment to live together.

  • resignedadj. 认命的,顺从的,听任的 动词resign的过去
  • experimentaladj. 实验(性)的,试验(性)的
  • inflationn. 膨胀,通货膨胀
  • globaladj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
  • confirmedadj. 习惯的,积习的,确认过的,证实的 动词conf
  • boostvt. 推进,提高,增加 n. 推进,增加 v.
  • insurancen. 保险,保险费,安全措施
  • fell动词fall的过去式 n. 兽皮 vt. 砍伐,击倒 a
  • ceasev. 停止,终止 n. 停止
  • staken. 桩,赌注,利害关系 v. 下注,用桩支撑