Politics this week
The shooting down of a Malaysia Airlines jet, apparently by pro-Russian rebels fighting Ukrainian troops in eastern Ukraine, changed the parameters of the five-month conflict. The airliner was en route fromAmsterdam toKuala Lumpur; 298 people died when it crashed on July 17th. Most of the bodies were eventually put onto a refrigerated train and transported to the government-controlled city ofKharkiv, where a multinational forensics team examined them before being flown back to theNetherlands.
Most of the anger over the incident was vented at Russia, suspected of providing the missile that shot down the aircraft. The European Union's efforts to impose tougher sanctions were hampered byFrance insisting that its delivery of a French-made warship toRussia would go ahead in spite of British and American calls to stop it.
More than 60 high-ranking police officers were arrested in Turkey in connection with corruption investigations against the government. They stand accused of espionage and illegal phone-tapping.
Silvio Berlusconi's conviction for paying for sex with a 17-year-old girl was overturned by an appeals court inMilan. His lifetime ban from holding public office was also revoked. The former Italian prime minister wasn't in court to hear the judgment. He was working at a care home as part of the community-service sentence given to him in a separate conviction for tax fraud.
A committee in the British Parliament issued a report into the plan by Scotland's Nationalists to share the pound if Scots vote for independence in September, and concluded that this was a “dead parrot”. The three main political parties have rejected the idea of a currency union withScotland, which the report stressed should not be seen as a bluff.
Squeezing blood from a stone
A judge in New Yorkrejected a request by Argentina for a stay on a decision requiring the country to pay a small group of creditors who have been chasing it following its 2001 debt default. If the country does not reach a deal with the creditors, it will be pushed into default again, for the eighth time in its history.
The trial of Leopoldo Lopez, a Venezuelan opposition leader, began inCaracas behind closed doors. Mr Lopez, who is accused of inciting violence during protests that began earlier this year but have since sputtered, has been in custody since February.
Mexico's groundbreaking energy reform came closer to the finishing-line. The Senate approved bills to, among other things, open the hydrocarbons industry to foreign investment. The lower house is expected to add its approval shortly.
The Israeli campaign in Gaza to clobber the Palestinians' Islamist movement, Hamas, which began with attacks from the air and by artillery on July 8th, intensified on July 17th when Israeli troops entered by land. By July 24th the death toll of Palestinians, most of them civilians, had exceeded 700; 35 Israelis had died. A rocket fired by Palestinians in Gaza landed a kilometre from Israel's main airport, on the edge of Tel Aviv, prompting many airlines temporarily to suspend their flights toIsrael. The American secretary of state, John Kerry, shuttled around the region, trying to arrange a ceasefire.
The jihadist group that spearheaded last month's conquest of Iraq's second city, Mosul, expelled all Christians who refused to convert to Islam. Most of them fled to neighbouring Iraqi Kurdistan. A decade ago there were reckoned to be around 60,000 Christians in the city.
Obamacare was thrown into confusion when two federal appeals courts issued contradictory rulings about whether people who signed up for health insurance through the federal exchange can claim subsidies. The government created the federal exchange, where most people have bought their Obamacare insurance, after dozens of states refused to set up their own.
The Republican Senate primary in Georgia was won by David Perdue, a businessman, who beat Jack Kingston, a congressman. Mr Perdue will face Michelle Nunn, the daughter of a former Democratic senator, in November in what promises to be a closely contested seat.
A majority of Detroit's retired public-sector workers voted to accept a package of reduced pension benefits, a crucial part of the bankrupt city's plan to restructure its finances. Obstacles still remain. A judge will begin a hearing next month into whether the plan is fair to creditors.
More concerns were raised about the process of executing murderers in Americaafter another man took a long time to die. Joseph Wood was put to death in Arizona. A few days earlier a court had ruled that he had a right to know the source of the drugs that were to be used to kill him, reflecting concerns about a botched execution in Oklahoma, but the federal Supreme Court overturned the delay. In California a judge struck down the capital sentences of 748 prisoners because of the long delay taken between conviction and execution.
Joko Widodo, the governor of Jakarta, was declared the winner of Indonesia's presidential election, with 53% of the vote. The losing candidate, Prabowo Subianto, a former general, alleged massive fraud, though he produced no evidence, and said he would challenge the result in court.
The authorities in China detained five people as part of an investigation into a company that allegedly supplied out-of-date meat to fast-food chains. Regulators suspended operations at Shanghai Husi Food following media reports that it reprocessed expired meat and sold it to companies that included McDonald's and KFC.
Police in South Korea confirmed that the body of a man found last month is that of Yoo Byung-eun, a tycoon who was wanted in connection with the sinking of a ferry in April that killed 300 people. Mr Yoo's family owned the ferry's operating company.
Amnesty said that Alexander Sodiqov, a Canadian-based research student, had been released on bail in Tajikistan. He had been detained last month by the secret police for interviewing an opposition leader, a “treasonous” offence in the paranoid regime of Emomali Rakhmon.
1.in spite of 尽管；不管，不顾
He was there on the stroke in spite of the rain.
We adhered to our original plan of swimming in spite of the bad weather.
2.accuse of 谴责，控告
Or,at least,somebody will accuse me of that I guarantee.
3.expect to 期待
First, review what you can expect to learn from this tutorial and how you can get the most out of it.
In almost every instance, I come away convinced that we’ve reached greater understanding. And that understanding serves as the base for whatever else we expect to do together.