The world this week
The leaders of the G7 countries headed to the Cornish resort of Carbis Bay for a summit, their first in two years and the first for Joe Biden as America’s president. Ahead of the summit, G7 finance ministers met in London, where they proposed the biggest shake-up of corporate tax since the 1920s, backing a minimum global rate of at least 15% and a clampdown on companies that park profits in tax havens. But the proposals will need the support of other countries.
七国集团(G7)领导人前往康沃尔的旅游胜地卡比斯湾(Carbis Bay)参加峰会，这是两年来的该组织的首次峰会，也是乔·拜登(Joe Biden)就任美国总统以来的首次峰会
Democrats had to rethink their plan to pass comprehensive legislation on electoral reform, known as the For the People Act, when Joe Manchin, a Democratic senator from West Virginia, said he would not support it because it lacked Republican support. Mr Manchin also definitively ruled out backing any attempt to weaken the filibuster, another headache for the Democrats in a Senate that is split 50-50.
民主党人不得不重新考虑他们的计划，即通过关于选举改革的全面立法——《人民法案》(For the People Act)
America’s border agency intercepted 180,034 illegal migrants in May, a new 21-year high. The number of unaccompanied children at the border is falling, as is the number of migrants from Central America. In her first trip abroad as vice-president, Kamala Harris went to Guatemala and warned potential migrants not to enter the United States, as they would be turned back.
Pedro Castillo, a left-wing former schoolteacher, narrowly won Peru’s presidential run-off. With just 50.2%, a lead of 70,000 out of 17.5m votes cast, he has a weak mandate and will preside over a bitterly divided country. His conservative opponent, Keiko Fujimori, claimed there had been fraud, although there is little evidence of this.
In Nicaragua Daniel Ortega, the strongman president who hopes to win a fifth term in elections in November, appeared to be further muzzling the opposition, when four prominent opposition politicians were detained in the space of a few days.
There were mixed results for Morena, the party of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, in mid-term elections in Mexico. It and its allies lost their two-thirds majority in the national legislature’s lower house, but it remains the most popular party and has expanded its national footprint.
A court in Moscow ruled that two organisations connected to Alexei Navalny, a jailed opposition leader in Russia, were “extremist”, and thus should be shut down and their members barred from standing in elections. The move, which follows a change in the law that came into effect just five days earlier, is clearly aimed at preventing supporters of Mr Navalny from running in parliamentary elections expected in September. The hearing was held behind closed doors.
莫斯科一家法院裁定，与被监禁的俄罗斯反对派领导人阿列克谢·纳瓦尔尼(Alexei Navalny)有关的两个组织是“极端主义”组织，因此应被取缔，并禁止其成员参加选举。这一举措是在五天前生效的一项法律变化后采取的，目的显然是阻止纳瓦尔尼的支持者参加预计将于9月举行的议会选举 。这次的听证会是秘密举行的 。
1. turned back 往回走；阻挡
He turned back to his work.
2. shut down 关闭
The computer system will be shut down over the weekend.
3. presidential run-off 总统大选
A run-off presidential election on November 8th turned sour well before results were announced.
4. ruled out 排除；否决；取消
The proposed solution was ruled out as too expensive.