Politics this week
The Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria(ISIS), an extreme offshoot of al-Qaeda that operates in both those countries, captured Mosul, Iraq's second city, causing half a million people to flee the region. It then took Saddam Hussein's home town, Tikrit, and threatened to advance on Baghdad. With the Iraqi army melting away, the Kurds in the north of Iraq said they had taken full control of Kirkuk. The government of Nuri al-Maliki appealed for help, but the West was loth to intervene.
Reuven Rivlin, a right-winger who opposes a two-state settlement with the Palestinians, was elected Israel'spresident .The post is largely ceremonial but sometimes influential.
Trying for a new start
Petro Poroshenko was inaugurated as Ukraine's president amid intensifying unrest in the east of the country. A billionaire known as the Chocolate King, Mr Poroshenko made an impassioned plea for Ukrainian unity. Speaking in Russian, he promised immunity from prosecution to all those without blood on their hands. He also ordered peace corridors to be set up so that people can escape the violence.
Antonis Samaras, the prime minister of Greece, reshuffled his cabinet after his centre-right New Democracy party lost in the European elections to the far-left Syriza. He picked a technocrat, Gikas Hardouvelis, as finance minister to succeed Yannis Stournaras, who becomes governor of the central bank.
Three-fifths of Germans are in favour of Angela Merkel, the chancellor, backing a bid by Luxembourg's Jean-Claude Juncker to be the next president of the European Commission despite stiff opposition from Britain, according to a Forsa poll. Only 19% said Mrs Merkel should prioritise good relations with David Cameron, the British prime minister, who is leading the camp opposed to a Juncker presidency.
The Spanish parliament backed the abdication of King Juan Carlos and accession of his son, Prince Felipe, by a large majority. Some on the left in Spain are demanding a referendum on whether to keep the monarchy.
In Britain the government's inspector of schools published a report into alleged Islamic extremism at several state schools in Birmingham. It found no evidence of a plot to infiltrate the schools though it did find examples of Islam influencing the schooling culture. Prior to the report two Conservative heavyweights, Michael Gove, the education secretary, and Theresa May, the home secretary, became embroiled in an unholy row about the issue.
The Tea Party in America scored its biggest victory since emerging as a political force in 2009 when the candidate it backed defeated Eric Cantor, the Republicans' number two in the House of Representatives, in a primary election. David Brat, a previously unknown college professor, won partly by campaigning against immigration. His victory may scupper the chance of any bipartisan reform this year.
A judge in California decided that tenure rules which make it nearly impossible to sack bad teachers harm poor pupils and breach the state's constitution. Teachers unions were dismayed, though the education secretary, Arne Duncan, approved. A teacher in California currently has a one in 125,000 chance each year of being fired for incompetence.
Switching to gas
Chile's government cancelled the huge HidroAysén hydroelectric project to build five dams in Patagonia on environmental grounds. To lessen its dependence on imported energy, the government will concentrate on natural gas and renewables.
With days to go before the run-off in Colombia's presidential election, the incumbent, Juan Manuel Santos, announced that he had begun exploratory peace talks with the ELN, a guerrilla group. Mr Santos's support for peace negotiations with the FARC, a bigger guerrilla force, is the main dividing line between him and óscar Iván Zuluaga, his rival in the election.
Mexico's central bank unexpectedly cut interest rates by half a percentage point. Weak economic growth, prompted partly by sluggishness in the United States and partly by tax rises, lay behind the move.
Amado Boudou, Argentina's vice-president, faced questions from a federal judge about his alleged ties to a firm that prints the country's currency. The judge will now decide whether Mr Boudou, who denies all wrongdoing, must face charges.
An attack on Karachi airport left at least 38 people dead, including ten of the attackers, after a shoot-out with the security forces. The Pakistani Taliban said that it was behind the assault, and had hoped to hijack an airliner, in revenge for air strikes against suspected militants in the remote tribal area of north Pakistan. A few days later America resumed drone strikes in the tribal region after a six-month break.
The body of another woman was found hanging from a tree in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, at least the third such case in recent weeks in which the victims were allegedly raped. Narendra Modi, the new prime minister of India, said that protecting women should be a priority for all Indians, but he warned against “politicising” rape.
The captain and crew of the South Korean ferry that sank in April with the loss of about 300 lives went on trial. They are pleading not guilty to charges of homicide through wilful negligence. Meanwhile, thousands of police searched a religious compound in their manhunt for the ferry's owner, Yoo Byung-eun, an investor who also owns the website god.com.
1.threaten to 威胁
Now two other measures threaten to reignite tensions.
Now e-books threaten to undermine sales of the old-fashioned kind.
2.set up 建立；准备；安排
Saudi arabia has set up an anti-corruption agency.
The students also set up debating teams.
3.in favour of 赞成,支持,有利于
The political argument in favour of reform is strong.
There is no consensus in favour of changing this dramatically.
4.oppose to 反对
Oppose to the building height restriction in the district.
Sublimity and tragedy forces the ugliness to describe justice and progress, and ugliness does not oppose to the art of beauty.