经济学人:一周经济要闻
日期:2014-07-03 16:42

(单词翻译:单击)

中英文本

Business this week
本周经济要闻
In its biggest acquisition yet, Apple agreed to pay $3 billion for Beats Electronics, a specialist in pricey headphones and music-streaming. The growth of streaming services has posed a threat to music sales on Apple's iTunes. As part of the deal the co-founders of Beats, Jimmy Iovine and Dr Dre, will join Apple.
在迄今最大的一笔收购中,苹果公司斥资30亿美元收购了一家专门经营昂贵的耳机和音乐流媒体服务的专业公司——Beats Electronics。流媒体服务的增长已经威胁到苹果旗下Itunes的音乐销量。作为收购协议的一部分,Beats联合创始人吉米·艾尔文和安德烈·罗米尔·扬也会加入苹果公司。
Pfizer, an American drugs company, has conceded defeat, at least for now, in its pursuit of AstraZeneca, a British competitor. The proposed 70 billion takeover would have created the world's biggest drugs firm. The deal was opposed by some politicians on both sides of theAtlantic. British MPs voiced worries over potential job losses in research centres, while inAmerica the concern was Pfizer avoiding taxes. AstraZeneca's board rejected the offer, saying it undervalued the company. Under British takeover rules, Pfizer must wait six months before it can make another approach.
美国制药公司辉瑞已经承认,至少目前还未能成功收购英国制药商阿斯利康。这笔打算以700亿英镑成交的收购原本将创造世界最大的药品公司。但是大西洋两岸的一些政治家们却极力反对这笔收购。英国的下院议员们表示他们担心这可能会造成各研究中心出现失业情况,而在美国人民担心辉瑞公司会借此逃税。阿斯利康的董事会拒绝辉瑞的报价,认为其市价被低估。而根据英国的收购法规,辉瑞公司只有等到6个月后才能实施其他方案。


Google unveiled its latest driverless car. It plans to build 100 prototypes from scratch, rather than modifying others' vehicles as it has done in the past. The car has no steering wheel or pedals, only a “stop” and a “go” button. The two-seater electric vehicle can travel up to25mph and the firm hopes to pilot it on Californian roads within two years. However, there remain significant regulatory and legal barriers to its spread.
近日谷歌发布了最新款的无人驾驶汽车。谷歌计划从零开始,生产100原型车,而非像以往那样改造其他车型。这款车没有方向盘和脚踏板,仅仅只有“停止”按钮和“启动”按钮。这款双座电动汽车时速可达25英里,谷歌希望在两年内在加州的公路上进行试驾。然而,该车的推广还会面临巨大的规章和法律的障碍。
A delicate truth
脆弱的真相
The Financial Times says it has found flaws in the data used in “Capital in the Twenty-First Century”, the bestselling analysis of inequality by Thomas Piketty. The paper said it had uncovered transcription errors and flawed formulae in spreadsheets and that some of the data appeared to be cherry-picked. Mr Piketty responded that the FT was wrong to suggest that this casts doubts on his conclusion that inequality is becoming more entrenched.
《金融时报》称其发现了托马斯·皮克提的《21世纪资本论》中用于销售分析的数据有漏洞。报道称书中的报表有录入谬误并运用了错误的公式,此外的一些数据似乎是刻意挑选的。皮克提则回应称,《金融时报》错误地质疑了自己“世界变得越来越不平等”的结论。
GlaxoSmithKline, a British drugmaker, is being investigated by the UK's Serious Fraud Office. The exact nature of the investigation is not known, but two weeks ago China charged three of the firm's executives with corruption, alleging that GSK had bribed doctors to prescribe its medicines. The firm said it intended to co-operate fully with the SFO.
英国制药公司葛兰素史克正受到英国反严重诈骗办公室的调查。虽然此番调查的具体性质尚不明晰,但是两周前,中国已经指控该公司的三位高管的腐败行为,称该公司贿赂中国医生在处方中使用其药品。该公司则称将全力配合SFO的调查。
The battle for control of Club Méditerranée, a French holiday firm, continues. Last year, Fosun, a Chinese conglomerate, and Ardian, a French private-equity firm, launched a joint bid to take Club Med private. Some shareholders took the matter to the French courts, arguing the bid was too low and lacked transparency. Now it seems a rival bidder, the Bonomi family from Italy, may attempt a takeover of its own. Club Med has been successful at attracting Asian tourists to its all-inclusive resorts.
争夺法国度假酒店集团——地中海俱乐部的战斗仍在继续。去年,一家中国企业集团复星国际和一家法国私募股权公司阿迪安联手竞标,欲将地中海俱乐部收入囊中。一些股东将此事告到了法国法院,认为这个竞标价格太低且缺乏透明度。如今,另一家竞标者——来自意大利的博诺米家族可能会成功完成收购。地中海俱乐部一贯以全方位服务的度假村成功吸引亚洲游客。
Coming in from the cold
摆脱孤立
BP signed a deal with Rosneft, a state-owned Russian oil company in which it owns a 20% stake, to explore for hard-to-reach shale oil in the country. The agreement comes despite American sanctions against Igor Sechin, Rosneft's boss, relating to Russia's intervention in Ukraine. The deal was signed at the St Petersburg International Economic Forum, Russia's answer to Davos, which many Western firms boycotted.
英国石油公司与俄政府旗下的俄罗斯石油公司签署协议,将持有后者20%的股票,并开采该国的深层油页岩。尽管美国因俄罗斯干涉乌克兰而对俄罗斯石油公司的掌门人伊戈尔·谢钦进行了制裁,但是该协议仍顺利达成。协议在圣彼得堡国际经济论坛上签署。
Mario Draghi, the president of the European Central Bank, provided some hints on how it intends to tackle the threat of deflation when its governing council meets in June. In a speech he suggested that, along with interest-rate cuts, there will be an attempt to boost credit in southern Europe by providing long-term funding to banks on the condition that they deploy it to expand business loans.
欧洲央行行长马里奥·德拉吉透露了些许消息,即理事会在6月份碰头时将如何应对通缩带来的威胁。他在最近发表的一次讲话中表示,除了要削减利率以外,还会通过向银行提供长期融资以刺激南欧的信贷,条件是南欧国家将这笔资金用于扩大商业借贷规模。
Christine Lagarde, the head of the International Monetary Fund, said that banks have been too slow to reform themselves following the financial crisis. Ms Lagarde said that some banks are still too big to fail and would pose a systemic risk if they got into trouble. In a subsequent speech, Mark Carney, the governor of the Bank of England, said that growing inequality was undermining trust in capitalism.
国际货币基金组织主席克里斯蒂娜·拉加德表示,在金融危机爆发后,各大银行进行改革的节奏太慢。她还表示有些银行尾大不掉,一旦陷入困境,将会给银行体系带来风险。在接下来的讲话中,英格兰银行行长马克·卡尼称越发严重的不平等现象正在破坏人们对资本主义的信任。
Rio Tinto agreed on a $20 billion deal with the government ofGuinea to mine iron ore. The Simandou project had seen a decade of wrangling over who owns the concession to mine the site. The firm will also build a650km (400 mile) railway and a deepwater port to service the mine.
力拓矿业集团与几内亚政府达成价值200亿美元的协议以开采铁矿石。十年来,关于西芒杜开采项目特许权拥有者的问题一直纷争不断。此外,力拓还将修建650千米的铁路和一个深水港来服务该开采项目。
Soldier, spy
士兵,间谍
Unconfirmed reports suggested that China has told state-owned companies to stop working with American consulting and technology firms, for fear of industrial espionage. It has also reportedly told some banks to stop using IBM servers. The tit-for-tat move, if true, comes afterAmerica indicted five Chinese army officers of cyber-spying on American companies, including Alcoa and US Steel.
未经证实的消息报道称,中国已经通告国企中断与美国咨询和技术公司的合作以防范行业间谍活动。据称,部分中国银行还被告知停止使用IBM的服务器。此前,美国起诉5名中国军官通过网络监视包括美国铝业公司和美国钢铁公司在内的美国企业;如果报道属实,中方此举就是在报复美方的指控。
词语解释

1.agree to 同意,赞成

Did we agree to one?
我有答应过么?

I quite agree to your opinion.
我很赞成你的看法。

2.hope to 希望

I expect and hope to see more companies started.
我预计、而且也希望看到更多的企业进入这个领域。

What do you hope to learn from this boss?
你想从这位上司身上学到什么?

3.appear to 似乎,好像

Even so, buffett doesn't appear to be worried.
即便如此,巴菲特似乎并不担心。

Both services appear to provide intuitive solutions to the hassle of monitoring receipts.
针对收集和管理收据方面存在的种种问题,两个服务都能提供直观的解决方案。

4.intend to 打算,想要

As president I intend to celebrate the rich diversity of human relationships.
作为总统,我打算庆祝人类关系上所具有的这种丰富多样性。

After lo this lifetime of servitude, I intend to break free.
被你奴役了这么多年,我打算要革你的命了。

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重点单词
  • approachn. 接近; 途径,方法 v. 靠近,接近,动手处理
  • uncoveredadj. 无覆盖物的;未保险的;无盖的 v. 脱帽致敬;
  • transparencyn. 透明度,幻灯片
  • delicaten. 精美的东西 adj. 精美的,微妙的,美味的,纤细
  • analysisn. 分析,解析
  • intuitiveadj. 直觉的
  • potentialadj. 可能的,潜在的 n. 潜力,潜能 n. 电位,
  • tacklev. 处理,对付,阻截 n. 用具,滑车,对付
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • intendedadj. 故意的,有意的;打算中的 n. 已订婚者 v.