What are your symptoms?
What seems to be the trouble?/What's bothering you?
What brings you in today?
Have you ever had these symptoms before?
Have you ever had this kind of problem before?
Could I ask you some questions about your medical history?
Have you ever had surgeries?
Are you allergic to anything?/Do you have any allergies?
When did the problem begin/start/first appear?
How long has it been hurting?
A: What are your symptoms?
B: I have a fever, sore throat and runny nose.
A: Have you ever had anything similar?
B: once, when I was young.
A: How long has your stomach been hurting?
B: It's been hurting off and on for about two weeks now.
A: You must be Mrs Li. What seems to be the trouble?
B: I've had this really bad pain in my elbow for the last few days.
A: Have you done anything out of the ordinary lately that might have caused it?
B: I played tennis last sunday for the first time in a while. I think that was the problem.
A: It does seem a bit swollen. Let's schedule you some X-rays so we can get a closer look.