Over the years Jobs would bring in some strong leaders to serve on the Apple board,
including Al Gore, Eric Schmidt of Google, Art Levinson of Genentech,
Mickey Drexler of the Gap and J. Crew, and Andrea Jung of Avon.
But he always made sure they were loyal, sometimes loyal to a fault.
Despite their stature, they seemed at times awed or intimidated by Jobs, and they were eager to keep him happy.
At one point he invited Arthur Levitt, the former SEC chairman, to become a board member.
Levitt, who bought his first Macintosh in 1984 and was proudly "addicted" to Apple computers, was thrilled.
He was excited to visit Cupertino, where he discussed the role with Jobs.
But then Jobs read a speech Levitt had given about corporate governance,
which argued that boards should play a strong and independent role, and he telephoned to withdraw the invitation.
"Arthur, I don't think you'd be happy on our board, and I think it best if we not invite you," Levitt said Jobs told him.
"Frankly, I think some of the issues you raised, while appropriate for some companies, really don't apply to Apple's culture."
Levitt later wrote, "I was floored ... It's plain to me that Apple's board is not designed to act independently of the CEO."