Jobs refused him permission to use some code he had created while at Pixar, which further inflamed their enmity.
"Alvy eventually got what he needed," said Catmull, "but he was very stressed for a year and developed a lung infection."
In the end it worked out well enough; Microsoft eventually bought Smith's company,
giving him the distinction of being a founder of one company that was sold to Jobs and another that was sold to Gates.
Ornery in the best of times, Jobs became particularly so
when it became clear that all three Pixar endeavors—hardware, software, and animated content—were losing money.
"I'd get these plans, and in the end I kept having to put in more money," he recalled.
He would rail, but then write the check.
Having been ousted at Apple and flailing at NeXT, he couldn't afford a third strike.
To stem the losses, he ordered a round of deep layoffs, which he executed with his typical empathy deficiency.
As Pam Kerwin put it, he had "neither the emotional nor financial runway to be decent to people he was letting go."
Jobs insisted that the firings be done immediately, with no severance pay.