经济学人:改善快餐连锁店形象的25年之战(2)
日期:2019-02-18 17:46

(单词翻译:单击)

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中英文本

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Accomplishing change is not just a matter of the company snapping its fingers.
实现改变并不仅仅是公司打个响指的问题DQ1wh13ZAy,w[O+%s]7
Most McDonald's restaurants are operated by franchisees and its goods are bought from a wide range of suppliers,
麦当劳的大部分餐厅都由特许经营者经营,其商品则是从许多不同供应商处购买,
so three or four layers may separate the McDonald's head office and the cattle-rancher who supplies the firm's beef.
所以三四层结构或许可以将麦当劳的总公司和为公司提供牛肉的牧场主分隔开As&(XN3IjeVweR|
In the late 1990s, after complaints from campaign groups about the living conditions of hens,
20世纪90年代末,活动组织对母鸡生活环境进行投诉后
Mr Langert visited an egg facility to find that conditions were indeed terrible.
兰杰特参观了一个鸡蛋设备厂并发现那里的条件确实很糟糕L@DFN!iyxV@]gF,)EC
In August 2000 the firm said it would buy eggs only from suppliers that gave hens 72 square inches of space,
2000年8月,该公司表示其将仅从为母鸡提供72平方英寸生活空间的供应商处购买鸡蛋,
compared with an industry average of 48 square inches. Suppliers resisted so strongly that McDonald's had to find new sources for its eggs.
而业内平均面积为48平方英寸31Cb&t7dx6%i。供应商们强烈抗议,麦当劳不得不寻找新的鸡蛋源~zG-q~QV^-SD|pST@lrG

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改善快餐连锁店形象的25年之战 (2).jpg

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But those who complied found that the mortality rates of hens decreased and egg-laying rates increased, offsetting the extra costs.
但是那些符合要求的供应商们发现母鸡的死亡率下降了并且产蛋率上升了,额外成本得以抵消|5Owh5^WXj@_V8Ey
Mr Langert found it took a long time to get agreement within the company on a particular subject and then to persuade suppliers to comply.
兰杰特发现从公司内部就某一主题达成协议到说服供应商遵循这些规定要花费很长的时间iEV(g(;A2MJ
But once he reached that stage, he had enormous clout;
但是一旦他达到那个阶段,就会有巨大的影响力;
McDonald's is the largest purchaser of beef and pork in America, as well as the second-largest buyer of chicken.
麦当劳是美国最大的牛肉和猪肉购买方,也是鸡肉的第二大买家(SG(XjEvgtn5p
Another victory was persuading a supplier to phase out the use of gestation stalls for sows which make it impossible for the animals to move.
另一个胜利是说服一供应商逐步淘汰使用母猪妊娠舍,在妊娠舍内的动物无法活动r_GBwU]o!HC8m6@Kf
Human working conditions also caused the company trouble.
人类工作环境也引发了公司问题^PY-3s|_]ATBQiF]
One day Mr Langert got a call from a Catholic bishop who was concerned about the low wages paid to tomato-pickers.
一天,兰杰特接到了一名天主教主教的电话,他对摘西红柿工作者的低工资表示担忧*xhC]-K-4JuS%k!R
Another issue was the use of "trans fats" to cook the restaurant's fries, which were deemed to increase the risk of heart disease;
另一个是连锁店使用“反式脂肪”炸薯条的问题,这样被认为会增加心脏病风险;
it took six years for the chain to phase out the practice. But the company has also added more salads and healthy options.
公司花了6年时间让连锁店逐步淘汰了这种做法T4Y[kR@tvRul5。但是公司也增加了更多沙拉和健康选择rDkITth6Bs
Was all the effort worth it? It seems likely that many of the people who care a lot about these issues would never eat a fast-food burger in the first place.
这些努力都值得吗?似乎可能很多非常关心这些问题的人根本不会吃快餐汉堡Lg)y.gDC2H5
But Mr Langert did more than most to reduce environmental waste and animal cruelty. A decent career record for an obviously decent man.
但是在减少环境垃圾和动物虐待上,兰杰特做的比大部分人都多1=9LvH;!gx|uKb4%Uqy8。对一位正派人士而言,这是一份体面的履历]HM_XK]Z1r;_)D8x5@M*

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词语解释

1.franchisee 特许经营者
And the franchisee must ensure that the training programs should be satisfactory.
特许经营者也有必要确保培训计划是令人满意的PH8@z0wI@yM
2.living condition 生活条件
Our living condition has improved these years.
我们的生活条件这些年改善了TXOq-(GQhAetji0bYw9h
3.resist 抵制
The bank strongly resisted cutting interest rates.
银行强烈反对降低利率SCQ-rQOD)5-1a-|59^
4.mortality rate 死亡率
The nation's infant mortality rate has reached a record low.
该国的婴儿死亡率已降至历史最低水平^bO6um;z!2Z))7r.7qND

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重点单词
  • cloutn. 猛击,影响力 [英]破布 v. 猛击
  • decentadj. 体面的,正派的,得体的,相当好的
  • complyvi. 顺从,遵照,答应
  • bishopn. 主教 n. (国际象棋中的)象
  • mortalityn. 必死的命运,死亡数目,死亡率
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • resistv. 抵抗,反抗,抵制,忍住 n. 防蚀涂层
  • enormousadj. 巨大的,庞大的
  • rangen. 范围,行列,射程,山脉,一系列 v. 排列,归类于
  • separaten. 分开,抽印本 adj. 分开的,各自的,单独的 v