Physical attractiveness and careers
Don't hate me because I'm beautiful
Attractive women should not include a photo with a job application
AT WORK, as in life, attractive women get a lot of the breaks.
Studies have shown that they are more likely to be promoted than their plain-Jane colleagues.
Because people tend to project positive traits onto them, such as sensitivity and poise, they may also be at an advantage in job interviews.
The only downside to hotness is having to fend off ghastly male colleagues; or so many people think.
But research by two Israelis suggests otherwise.
Bradley Ruffle at Ben-Gurion University and Ze'ev Shtudiner at Ariel University Centre looked at what happens when job hunters include photos with their curricula vitae, as is the norm in much of Europe and Asia.
在很多欧洲和亚洲国家，求职者都会在简历中附上照片。来自班古里昂大学（Ben-Gurion University）的Bradley Ruffle和来自Ariel 大学中心的Ze'ev Shtudiner对附上照片后的情况进行了调查。
The pair sent fictional applications to over 2,500 real-life vacancies.
For each job, they sent two very similar résumés, one with a photo, one without. Subjects had previously been graded for their attractiveness.
For men, the results were as expected.
Hunks were more likely to be called for an interview if they included a photo.
Ugly men were better off not including one.
However, for women this was reversed.
Attractive females were less likely to be offered an interview if they included a mugshot.
When applying directly to a company (rather than through an agency) an attractive woman would need to send out 11 CVs on average before getting an interview; an equally qualified plain one just seven.
At first, Mr Ruffle considered what he calls the "dumb-blonde hypothesis"-that people assume beautiful women to be stupid.
However, the photos had also been rated on how intelligent people thought each subject looked; there was no correlation between perceived intellect and pulchritude.
So the cause of the discrimination must lie elsewhere.
Human resources departments tend to be staffed mostly by women. Indeed, in the Israeli study, 93% of those tasked with selecting whom to invite for an interview were female.
The researchers' unavoidable-and unpalatable-conclusion is that old-fashioned jealousy led the women to discriminate against pretty candidates.
So should attractive women simply attach photos that make them look dowdy?
No. Better, says Mr Ruffle, to discourage the practice of including a photo altogether.
Companies might even consider the anonymous model used in the Belgian public sector, where CVs do not even include the candidate's name.