经济学人:几内亚人的火星生活(2)
日期:2018-11-14 09:40

(单词翻译:单击)

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中英文本

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The importance of Guinea to China is clear.
几内亚对中国的重要性显而易见,gm8lb6%^.
The authorities in Beijing have promised the government a $20bn loan—twice the country's GDP—to be paid to Guinea in instalments over 20 years,
北京当局承诺为几内亚提供200亿美元的贷款(这是几内亚GDP的两倍),并将在20年内分期付给几内亚
to secure access to its bauxite. But SMB's rapid expansion has come at a cost.
以换取铝土矿资源_MeW3LgL7avUxz4[A。但SMB的迅速扩张也是有代价的*S|rI=dw=j13Eg2K
A report published in October by Human Rights Watch, an international advocacy group,
一家国际宣传组人权监察站在10月发布的一份报告称
said that the Guinean government has allowed SMB to bypass environmental safeguards.
几内亚政府允许SMB绕开环境保护措施x!akpz1eeQ
"The focus on growth has been at the expense of the local peoples' environment and livelihoods," says Jim Wormington, one of the group's researchers.
“专注增长一直都是以当地人的环境和生计为代价的,”该组织研究员之一吉姆·沃明顿说道*g=%]i6+6BAQf
Although SMB employs more than 17,000 people directly or indirectly,
虽然SMB直接或间接雇佣了17000名员工,
many locals say the new job opportunities are not enough to compensate for the environmental damage.
但当地人表示新的工作机会并不足以补偿环境的破坏32)N.nZBhxMTkt=LWf
SMB says it has paid all its taxes and done the proper environmental checks.
SMB表示公司缴纳了所有的税,并做了适当的环境检查工作[K8AcBPtsOjyneeb.!
The situation around the mines is nonetheless grim.
尽管如此,矿区周围的情况依旧严峻uU5L2M4=Td,
SMB gave hundreds of villagers a one-off payment for access to their land but many villages are perilously perched near wide roads over which lorries pass day and night.
SMB向数百位村民一次性付款买下了他们的土地使用权,但是很多村庄位于危机四伏地宽阔公路附近,日夜仰望卡车从眼前穿过B_M%Nxx(w_
Many villagers say they lack proper access to clean water because the mining operations have blocked or polluted rivers.
很多村民表示他们缺乏干净的水资源,因为采矿作业阻断或污染了河流A5![z@l;H,jcpV!=IlH|

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几内亚人的火星生活(2).jpg

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SMB says it builds wells for the villages, and supplies water in tankers until they are completed.
SMB表示公司为村民建了井,并供应大量用水直到这些井口建好为止e3;yrosMKkJKByYkS7
But a government commissioned audit in May 2018 said that SMB conducted "no monitoring of the environment"
但是2018年5月的一份政府委任审计报告显示,SMB执行的是“环境无监测”准则
and that the consortium lacks equipment to monitor air or water quality.
并且该公司缺乏监控空气或水资源质量的设备]GHG*kT!;DHqyB&prKt
There are some signs of improvement: SMB says that it began an environmental monitoring programme this year.
也有一些改善的迹象:SMB表示今年公司开始了一项环境监控项目oSi==)YFP3)wU^kp+PL
But little of the money SMB pays in charges and taxes is reinvested locally by the central government.
但是SMB缴纳的费用和税款很少被中央政府用于当地的再投资75p]&mO*67yV1[FC=BF7
Mr Bouzigues says that when the consortium built a health centre it took the government about two years to send a doctor to man it.
Bouzigues表示当该公司建了一个家健康中心后,政府花了约两年时间才派了医生过来坐诊L)axSu(&mGY
In an interview with The Economist in April he admitted that SMB itself could do more to improve locals' lives and that he personally wants to do better.
今年四月在与本刊的采访中,他承认SMB本身可以做更多来改善当地人的生活,而他个人也希望可以做得更好MmTo1FG9NN~l&E7=l@
Guinea could in theory industrialise if it moved to processing bauxite instead of exporting it raw.
理论上,几内亚可以变成工业化国家,只要他们转向铝土矿加工,而不是原材料出口Vv7oMWdQv,p@[Nb
SMB does have plans to build Guinea's first refinery, by 2022. Whatever happens, Boke's residents will find themselves at the mercy of the search for this prized material.
SMB确实计划截止2022年建立几内亚的第一家精炼厂OAx)1Yq9aHztwl+83-。不管出现什么情况,博凯大区的居民都将发现他们受到了搜寻这种有价值材料的摆布&#Gcn+|LKAG)
"We can't just leave. We have nowhere to go," says Mr Kalissa, looking out over the red earth.
“我们不能就这样离开d!;bs3i=jvoMZsG0。我们无处可去,”卡利萨看向那片红色的红壤说道a2kOLdMq^Uev

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译文由可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载~z%MThY]oQXi[VDnG

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词语解释

1.instalment 分期付款
The final instalment on the loan is due next week.
贷款的最后一期付款下个星期到期(lS@SloF.P%
2.expansion 扩张
The company has abandoned plans for further expansion.
该公司已经放弃了进一步扩张的计划Xjr2,_YN#S!Xk
3.compensate for 补偿
Nothing can compensate for the loss of one's health.
失去健康是无法补偿的Yk0~6_g5snN)-
4.monitor 监控
Officials had not been allowed to monitor the voting.
官员们未曾获许监控选举)@_GFzz6Oag

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