经济学人:中国煤炭需求增大 黑暗又危险
日期:2012-12-29 15:25

(单词翻译:单击)


Business Mining in Indonesia Now you own it, now you don't
商业 印尼矿业 时有时无
China wants coal. But digging it up is a dirty, dangerous business
中国煤炭需求增大,但采煤生意黑暗又危险
CHURCHILL MINING, a London-listed firm, announced in May 2008 that it had found 150m tonnes of coal in Indonesian Borneo.
2008年5月,伦敦上市公司丘吉尔矿业股份有限公司宣布在印尼婆罗洲勘测到储量为1.5亿吨的煤矿。
This was an underestimate.
其实这低估了实际储量。
The firm now thinks there are 2.8 billion tonnes, making it the seventh-largest undeveloped reserve in the world.
如今该公司认为此地储量达到28亿吨,如此其未开发煤矿储量就跃居世界第七位。
Alas for Churchill, other people quickly grew interested.
不幸的是,很快就有人对此虎视眈眈。
The Nusantara Group, a conglomerate controlled by Prabowo Subianto, a politician, had previously controlled the mining in that area.
由政客普拉博沃·苏比按托控股的Nusantara Group之前曾掌控该地区采矿业,
Six companies affiliated with Nusantara held licences for six blocks in the East Kutai district of East Kalimantan province, but did not explore for coal.
努山塔拉集团旗下的6家公司分别持有东加里曼丹省东库台6个划区的采矿许可证,但从未进行勘测。
Those six licences expired between March 2006 and March 2007, after which the district government began offering the mining area to other firms.
06年3月至07年3月间,这6个许可证陆续到期。随后,当地政府就将该矿区承包给别家公司。
Churchill entered the picture by acquiring a 75% stake in four new licences for the same area, which had been awarded to the Ridlatama Group, an Indonesian company.
丘吉尔矿业股份有限公司从Ridlatama Group(一家印尼公司)手中收购了该地区4个新采矿许可75%的股权,由此进入公众视线。
In July 2008, two months after Churchill revealed its discovery, the district chief of East Kutai suddenly extended the six expired licences that had been held by Nusantara's affiliates, even though Churchill's local partner had been awarded new licences for the same area.
08年7月,也就是丘吉尔矿业公布此发现两个月后,东库台地区的行政长官在明知丘吉尔矿业地方合作伙伴已被授予该地区最新采矿许可证的情况下,突然对努山塔拉旗下公司所持的6个过期许可证进行授权,延长开采期限。
Churchill claims that it has since been the target of a campaign to drive it out of Borneo.
丘吉尔矿业股份有限公司称自那时起自己就成了靶子,各方竭力将自己逐出婆罗洲。
In May 2010 a new district chief of East Kutai revoked the Churchill-Ridlatama licences, leaving Nusantara-affiliated companies in sole control of the 2.8 billion-tonne reserve.
10年5月,新上任的东库台行政长官吊销了丘吉尔矿业股份有限公司所持的采矿许可证,由努山塔拉集团独占那28亿吨煤矿,法院也驳回了丘吉尔矿业股份有限公司的起诉。
Courts rejected Churchill's complaints. This week it appealed to Indonesia's Supreme Court.
本周该公司向印尼最高法院提出了上诉。

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重点单词
  • districtn. 区,地区,行政区 vt. 把 ... 划分成区
  • supremeadj. 最高的,至上的,极度的
  • controlledadj. 受约束的;克制的;受控制的 v. 控制;指挥;
  • previouslyadv. 先前,在此之前
  • announced宣布的
  • partnern. 搭档,伙伴,合伙人 v. 同 ... 合作,做 .
  • campaignn. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动 v. 从事运动,参加竞
  • reserven. 预备品,贮存,候补 n. 克制,含蓄 vt. 保留
  • conglomerateadj. 密集而固结的,成簇的 n. 联合企业,密集体,
  • extendedadj. 延续的,广大的,扩大范围的 动词extend的