经济学人:在中国觅食的外国企业家
日期:2014-10-22 15:54

(单词翻译:单击)

中英文本

Foreign entrepreneurs in China
在中国觅食的外国企业家
Small is not beautiful
小并不是美
It is hard for small businesses to break into the Chinese market
对于小盘生意来说,要打入中国市场难如登天
ENTREPRENEURS do more with less, proclaimed Fiona Woolf this week on a visit to Shanghai. Lady Woolf, the current Lord Mayor of the City of London, was speaking at an academic conference devoted to helping small and medium enterprises (SMEs) flourish in China. These businesses face all of the same obstacles as big firms trying to enter China but have far fewer resources.
本周,现任伦敦金融城市长Fiona Woolf在上海进行访问,而在一个致力于帮助中小企业(SMEs)在中国发展扩张的学术研讨会上,Woolf市长声称企业家们都是能“花小钱办大事”的人。这些中小企业在进入中国市场之时,面临着与大公司一样的困难,但前者所拥有的资源却比后者要少得多。
Intellectual-property rights are hard and costly to defend. The tangle of red tape involved in tax, compliance, customs clearance, business registration and so on can overwhelm small firms. Alexandra Voss of the German Chamber of Commerce points out that local firms often work overtime and on weekends during negotiations—and that foreign SMEs with staff shortages and little local knowledge can quickly get overwhelmed.
捍卫知识产权不仅困难重重,其代价也非常高。税务、行政法规、海关、工商登记等等,各式各样的官僚行径交织成一团乱麻,令小公司无法存活。德国商会的Alexandra Voss指出,本地公司常常让员工在平时加班或者在周末上班,而这正是令员工短缺以及缺乏本地业务情况的外国中小企业迅速被打垮的原因。


A bigger snag is that getting China right demands a huge amount of attention from the top brass, explains Franklin Yao of Smith Street Solutions, a consulting firm that advises firms keen to enter China. The problem is that the market is enormous, complicated and opaque. It is also hyper-competitive, thanks to a proliferation of both low-cost locals and deep-pocketed multinational companies.
一家为热衷于进入中国市场的公司提供服务的咨询机构Smith Street Solutions,其分析员Franklin Yao解释道,眼前一个更大的阻碍在于,如果要与中国搞好关系,就必须得到国家高层的大量关注。而问题就在于市场是无比巨大的,是复杂的,同时也是不透明的。同时,高度竞争也是市场的特点之一,而这要归功于廉价的本地劳动力和财力雄厚的跨国公司两者之间的共同成长。
For intrepid SMEs still keen to try, help is at hand. All developed countries have trade offices and business chambers devoted to helping smaller firms clear the many hurdles. Consultants are also coming up with new ways to connect these firms to unfamiliar customers.
对于勇敢无畏的不停尝试的中小企业来说,还是能够获得帮助的。所有发达国家都成立了商贸部门以及商业协会,以帮助较小的公司清除大部分发展障碍。商业顾问也想出了许多新方法,让这些公司与未曾接触过的客户取得联系。
Deb Weidenhamer runs iPai, a trailblazing foreign auction house in China. Her outfit holds dozens of auctions a year, run simultaneously online and at a trendy site in Shanghai, mostly peddling excess inventories from distributors of fashionable goods. For 15,000, she will add a foreign SME's product to three of her auctions over several weeks and get user feedback. The result, she says, is that her clients learn quickly and easily if and how much Chinese customers will pay for their novel products and what they think of them.
Deb Weidenhamer,目前在中国运营一家开创性的外国拍卖行。她的机构不仅每年要处理许多拍卖业务,同时也在网上经营,并且是在上海的一个时尚的网站里进行销售,大部分是在兜售时髦产品经销商手中多余的存货。仅需15000美元,她就能让一项外国中小企业产品登陆到自己的拍卖品展示区长达数周,并获取用户的反馈。她表示自己的机构能够最终帮助客户快速轻松地了解到中国顾客的情况,包括他们是否会购买该公司的新产品、出价几何以及他们对该产品的看法。
Another encouraging development for smaller firms is the rise of e-commerce in China. Frank Lavin of Export Now, an e-commerce firm, argues that going directly to online sales lets foreign newcomers build a national brand far more quickly and cheaply than through bricks-and-mortar outlets. For 17-20% of a firm's Chinese revenues, he will take care of the regulatory filings, product testing, warehousing and so on required for online sales.
对于小型公司来说,另一个利好因素莫过于中国电子商务的发展。来自电商公司Export Now的Frank Lavin表示,通过网络渠道直接销售,不仅可以使新入境的外国竞争者迅速建立国际品牌形象,并且其花费的代价也大大降低,这两大优势都令传统实体营销策略黯然失色。目前该公司在中国的总收入当中,网络渠道的销售额已经占到了约17%至20%,而为此他会处理好政府监管备案、产品测试、仓储等等的一系列网络销售所需要解决的问题。
Alibaba, a Chinese e-commerce giant that recently went public in America, is explicitly courting foreign SMEs. A recent success story involves sales of imported fresh foods on its Tmall portal. Keith Hu of the Northwest Cherry Growers, which represents American farmers of the fruit, explains that selling to China was made even more difficult as the fruit ripens only during an eight-week period each year. But a clever collaboration with Tmall helped his farmers reach customers even in smaller Chinese cities, boosting sales over fourfold in the past year to over 600 tonnes.
中国电商巨头阿里巴巴(Alibaba,近期在美国上市)已经明确地对外国中小企业抛出了橄榄枝。最近,该公司在旗下“天猫商城”所推广的进口新鲜食品已经成为了成功的典范。Northwest Cherry Growers的Keith Hu,美国果农的代表,对外解释称,以前向中国销售新鲜水果是件非常困难的事,因为每年产出的水果只有八周的成熟期。但现在通过与“天猫商城”的精明协作,美国的果农甚至能够把产品卖给中国偏远城市地区,而这令美国果农去年在华的销售量提升了四倍,超过了600吨的大关。
While it is possible to make it, Mr Yao is blunt about the chances: “If your firm doesn't have at least 100m a year in sales, don't bother trying.” Life is hardly a bowl of cherries for most small entrepreneurs trying to enter the Middle Kingdom.
虽然进入中国市场是很有希望的,但Yao先生也率直地评价道:“如果你的公司每年营业额连1亿美元都达不到,那还是不要白费力气了。”对于想要瓜分天朝的小企业家来说,创业总是比较艰难。译者:颜士竣
词语解释

1.break into 闯入;破门而入

They break into an office so that Jack can use the phone.
他们闯入了一间办公室,因为杰克需要使用电话。

We had to break into that factory because otherwise they'd use those bombs in Palestine.
我们不得不闯入军工厂,否则的话,他们会在巴勒斯坦使用那些炸弹。
2.devote to 致力于

Private tutors sped things up. With no family or personal ties, I had lots of time to devote to my studies.
私人的家庭教师会让你学的很快,没有家庭和个人的人际关系,我有很多时间来投入到我的学习中。

Additionally, test automation scripts reduce the amount of time and manpower that developers must devote to running application tests on handsets.
此外,测试自动化脚本减少了开发人员在手机上进行应用程序测试时必须投入的时间和人力。

3.involve in 参与;涉及;卷入,陷入

The more the parents involve in the children , the greater the chances of unhappiness are.
父母参与越多,下一代不幸福的几率越大。

How you plan to use it will impact whom you involve in preparing it, and how you determine its scope.
您计划如何运用它将直接影响到您让谁参与准备此工作 并决定它的范围 。

4.keen to 热衷于

I hear this one from very sophisticated people, keen to show their respect for the scale and scope of China.
我从见多识广的人那儿听到这样的话,他们很热衷于展示自己对中国地大物博的尊敬。

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