经济学人:斯里兰卡穆斯林 佛教武装
日期:2014-07-03 16:37





Sri Lanka's Muslims
Buddhist power
Another minority is under threat
Living in fear
FIVE years after the end of a bloody civil war that pitted Sri Lanka's ethnic-Sinhala-dominated government against members of its Tamil minority, fears are growing about mounting violence along another of the country's fault-lines—religion. On June 15th Sinhala Buddhist mobs rampaged through three towns on the southern coast, burning and attacking Muslim businesses and homes. Families cowered in marshes and took refuge in mosques as crowds banged on doors, baying for Muslims to come out. Some carried clubs, others flung petrol bombs.



The violence sputtered for nearly two days. Four people, three of them Muslims, were killed, and about 80 were injured. Calm was restored only when the army stepped in on June 17th. Outnumbered, the police and their special forces had struggled to beat back the mobs. Angry Muslims say many stood by and did nothing.
The mobs were incited by an inflammatory speech from a Buddhist monk named Galagoda Aththe Gnanasara. A rabble-rouser like the Burmese monk, Wirathu, whom he recently visited, Mr Gnanasara leads an organisation called Bodu Bala Sena (BBS), or Buddhist Power Force, that supports militancy against minorities to preserve the dominance of the Buddhist majority. Muslims have been particular targets. Although just 10% of the population, they are making headway in business and finance. Most shops attacked this week were run by Muslims. Some were razed to the ground.
这些暴徒是受到了佛教僧侣Galagoda Aththe Gnanasara讲话的煽动xb7VmFWYh4%mlC=,~sz。Gnanasara是一个和缅甸僧侣维拉图一样的煽动者,他最近还拜访了后者4tO%[S.wnki^T)。Gnanasara领导着一支名为Bodu Bala Sena的组织,该组织支持用武装力量打击少数教派来保住多数人信奉的佛教的统治地位liXi~H5sfdfrW。穆斯林被列为主要的打击对象69RlW]9O~B6nH。只占10%的人口的穆斯林在贸易和财政行业表现出色g7ZFjRhYi5]nl。本周受到袭击的店铺大多为穆斯林经营的uXj9rMcN3fA[h^。但其中不少被夷为了平地vVop,;d3S-
The BBS organised a rally in the town of Aluthgama at which Mr Gnanasara raged that any “marakkalaya”who laid a finger on a Sinhalese was doomed. His timing was pointed. Three days earlier hundreds of angry people had surrounded the Aluthgama police station after a Muslim man assaulted the driver of a Buddhist monk following a traffic dispute. The monk claimed that he too had been wounded. The government was blamed for allowing the BBS meeting to take place so soon after the incident. The inspector-general of police said he had thought the rally would end peacefully. Muslim parliamentarians countered that they had tried hard to stop it from going ahead. Mr Gnanasara's hate speech clearly violates the law. Nor is this the first time he has incited violence against Muslims. He has not yet been arrested for his latest speech, though on June 17th the police got a court order to stop another BBS rally. They have been authorised to shoot violators.
The local press has largely ignored or played down the rioting. As it was under way President Mahinda Rajapaksa was in Bolivia at the G77 summit, tweeting breezily about climate change. After being criticised for his apparent insouciance, he did take to Twitter again to pledge to “bring to book” those responsible. He has promised an investigation and has said the government will rebuild destroyed houses and shops. But his government will find it hard to portray itself as a staunch defender of its Muslim minority.


1.under threat 受到威胁


But hamas's hegemony is now under threat.


Meanwhile, microsoft's core software business is under threat.


2.step in 干涉;介入;进入


So trustbusters may have to step in.


So regulators may have to step in.
3.struggle to 斗争


Regulators would struggle to do any better.


Companies in developing nations still struggle to bolster balance sheets by raising equity.
4.blame for 责怪,责备


The blame for this impasse falls mostly on republicans.


All presidents tend to get the blame for high fuel prices.

  • portrayvt. 描写,描绘,饰演
  • blamen. 过失,责备 vt. 把 ... 归咎于,责备
  • majorityn. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派 n. 法定年龄
  • preservev. 保存,保留,维护 n. 蜜饯,禁猎区
  • equityn. 权益,产权,(无固定利息的)股票,衡平法 n. 公
  • coren. 果心,核心,要点 vt. 挖去果核
  • violencen. 暴力,猛烈,强暴,暴行
  • headwayn. 前进,航行速度,进展,(前后两车间的)车间时距
  • bolstern. 长枕,靠垫 vt. 支持,鼓励
  • pledgen. 保证,誓言,抵押,抵押品 vt. 保证,发誓,以