经济学人:IBM的反叛呼喊(1)
日期:2018-11-21 14:30

(单词翻译:单击)

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中英文本

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Big blue is donning red headgear. Even a few months ago the idea that IBM, a venerable corporate IT firm,
蓝色巨人戴上了红帽子ev|6z50CA1JX。即便是在几个月前,万人敬仰的IT公司IBM
would buy Red Hat, the biggest vendor of open-source software, would have been considered highly unlikely,
收购最大开源软件供应商红帽子的想法几乎是没有可能的,
not least because of IBM's aversion to big mergers.
主要是因为IBM的对大型企业并购的厌恶Dwy7kYulFU[207Py
But on October 28th IBM announced that it would take over the firm for $34bn,
但在10月28日,IBM宣布将以340亿美元的价格收购该公司
which represented a 63% premium over Red Hat's closing share price at the end of the previous week.
较上个周末红帽子的收盘价溢价63%,a1#Si,9~A
Red Hat is no household name, but in the IT industry the firm is considered a big success.
红帽子并不是一个家喻户晓的名字,但在IT行业,这家公司被认为是一个巨大的成功hFTQa@|~ST6y=EyOM]
Founded in 1993, it reached $2.9bn in revenue in its most recent fiscal year. It takes free open-source software, makes some improvements,
该公司成立于1993年,其最新财政年度收入到达29亿美元.i|hdB=TA-。该公司对免费的开源软件进行改善
bundles it with other tools and services such as technical support, and charges a monthly subscription fee.
将其与其他工具和技术支持等服务进行捆绑,并收取月度订阅费F7!K=%(kAem1Z0xr
The first product was a version of Linux, an operating system.
它的第一个产品是一版Linux,一个操作系统sbmCct8a4y)H#&*
It later acquired or developed more and more pieces of software that are needed to power computing clouds.
之后公司获得或开发了越来越多启动计算云所需的软件DJo2,yYlx1
One of the latest additions to its collection was OpenShift, a program that allows computing tasks to be easily moved around between data centres.
该公司最新的产品之一是OpenShift,一个可以让计算任务在两个数据中心轻松转移的程序Ens8[F2P;g%
IBM, for its part, has been struggling in recent years to transform itself from a firm which made most of its money from it services, software and mainframe computers
就其本身而言,IBM近几年一直在努力将自己从一家主要依靠服务、软件和大型计算机获利的公司

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IBM的反叛呼喊(1).png

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to one that is based on cloud computing and artificial intelligence (AI).
变成一个以云计算和人工智能(AI)为基础的公司1AIb_+z3+Hj,v)
After 22 quarters of declining revenue, IBM seemed to be over the worst when its turnover started to increase early this year.
在连续22个季度利润下滑后,IBM似乎熬过了最糟糕的时期—公司营业额在今年早期开始增长up;N6CZF@O*o4Iol9HL
But in the most recent quarter, revenue dipped again.
但在最新一个季度中,利润再次下跌0=OMXPalFNbHw5
The deal will probably mean that Ginni Rometty, the firm's chief executive, stays on for a few years to see through the integration.
该协议可能意味着公司的首席执行官吉妮·罗睿兰将继续留任几年,以帮助完成公司并购NH^m_NBE%kjKWG+6I^
Analysts thought she was on her way out, not just because her strategy seemed to be failing,
之前分析家认为她会离开公司,不仅仅是因为她的战略似乎失败了,
but because at 61, she is older than the standard retirement age for IBM bosses of 60.
还因为她已经61岁了,超过了IBM总裁的标准退休年龄—60岁KEU9R(zir1lBao*~E*)
More importantly, IBM hopes that the acquisition will give it a chance to catch up in the market for cloud computing.
更重要的是,IBM希望此次收购能给公司一个追赶云计算市场.fQa,uc__3=^uK&*
Big Blue failed to take the trend seriously in the late 2000s and decided not to invest in a network of huge data centres.
蓝色巨人在21世纪后期没能重视这种趋势,并决定不投资大型数据网络中心4,(]fH4~Z4G|-9_o%k
As a result it has fallen behind the big "public" clouds (as opposed to "private" ones, which only serve a particular company),
因此,它远远落后于那些大型“公共”云(和仅服务于某一家公司的“私有”云相反),
in particular Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure.
尤其是亚马逊网络服务和微软AzureB#T!I)^0JJj+@

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词语解释

1.venerable 令人尊敬的
Venerable dailies such as the Tokyo Times have shut down.
像《东京时报》之类的一些有名望的日报已经停刊了1%#[q#^y2GAa(008UC
2.aversion to对...厌恶
Cats have a natural aversion to water.
猫生来对水反感wx!itKwieEcuOq~B!
3.merger 并购
Both companies were keen on a merger
两家公司都很想合并+yx%LH]~!=tk+9-)Qp~
4.fiscal 财政的
The government brought itself to the brink of fiscal disaster
政府把自己推向了财政危机的边缘12@.O.YE-cBtJ;7

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