PBS高端访谈:变革中的爱尔兰 投票禁止堕胎
日期:2018-05-29 18:10





JUDY WOODRUFF: But first: Voters in Ireland went to the polls today for an important vote. The Irish constitution bans abortions, even in cases of rape and incest. A new constitutional amendment up for vote today would allow Parliament to legalize abortion.
And according to initial exit polls, it seems to have succeeded. Foreign affairs correspondent Nick Schifrin has our story.

NICK SCHIFRIN: In this historically conservative and religious society, the voting booths are in churches, and some of the voters show up in habits. But old Irish habits are dying, and this is not the same country once dominated by the Catholic Church.

THERESA SWEENEY, Yes Voter: I woke up at 6:00 this morning. I'm not usually an early riser, but I couldn't wait to get down here to vote.

NICK SCHIFRIN: Women like Theresa Sweeney are trying to replace a law that can currently send women who get abortions to 14 years in prison, with a law that would allow unrestricted abortions for the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. The campaign has been painful, and divided families and friends.

WOMAN: My son's godmother and I actually had a huge falling out. We haven't spoken a year, because she's a nurse and she is voting yes. And I vote no. And it's literally -- it has actually divided us. We are just not speaking at all.

NICK SCHIFRIN: Both sides have made their cases with personal stories. Amy Callahan has a new son, but in another pregnancy, her fetus was diagnosed with a fatal condition. She couldn't have an abortion in Ireland, so she and her husband, Connor (ph), flew to the U.K.

AMY CALLAHAN, Yes Voter: That night we had the abortion, went off that night, and we brought Nico (ph) with us back to the hotel room in a little box. And I hadn't eaten in something like 48 hours. And Connor went off to get dinner. And I didn't want to leave Nico. And the next day, we flew back to Ireland. And as we were walking in the airport, I turned to Connor. We were walking through security, and I turned to Connor and I was like, are they going to ask us to open the box?

NICK SCHIFRIN: The Callahans want Irish women to be able to get the help they need in Ireland.

AMY CALLAHAN: It's going to be medically safe. And for women like me, they're going to get the care that they need when their baby is dying anyway.


NICK SCHIFRIN: Yes campaigners cite the case of Savita Halappanavar, who in 2012 died after her fetus became stillborn, but the hospital refused to give her an abortion. Shona Murray is a special correspondent with The Irish Independent.

SHONA MURRAY, The Irish Independent: It was too late, and she died. And she died as a direct consequence of the 8th Amendment.

NICK SCHIFRIN: The Catholic Church stills runs the majority of schools here, and influences most of society, but scandals have eroded its influence, especially among a younger generation.

SHONA MURRAY: You also have a very young country, a young population, a population that has grown up within the European Union, that has engaged in progressive liberalism, that has traveled the world, and that's the other side of this.

NICK SCHIFRIN: But no campaigners have their own stories to tell. Vicky Wall chose to give birth to her daughter Liadan (ph), even though she was born at 32 weeks with a fatal syndrome, and died shortly after.

VICKY WALL, No Voter: Liadan died at home surrounded by her family, and with love and with care, and most of all with dignity. We have to look at what the choice entails. What are we saying we have the choice to do? We're looking to have the choice to end a unique human life. I am extremely pro-life, and I think life should be protected.

NICK SCHIFRIN: Twenty-year-old campaigner Abigail Malone fears that women with healthy fetuses would choose to have an abortion.

ABIGAIL MALONE, No Voter: Ireland needs to remain a culture and remain a country that values the right to life of every unborn child.

NICK SCHIFRIN: This is a once-in-a-generation vote, and both sides admit it's not just about abortion, but also about the soul of a still traditional country that is now transforming. For the "PBS NewsHour," I'm Nick Schifrin.


1.in cases of 在情况下
Normally the Vatican does not intervene in the internal affairs of religious orders except in cases of disputed elections.


2.seem to 似乎
They seem to have lost their desire for life.
3.dominated by 受控
Women are no longer dominated by the men in their relationships.
4.wake up 醒来
A cool shower wakes up the body and boosts circulation.


5.fall out 争吵
Mum and I used to fall out a lot.





















尼克·西夫林:这是一代人仅有一次的投票,双方承认这不仅仅是堕胎问题,而且还关乎一个传统国家的灵魂,而这个国家正在经历变革5ojkILO3W#@N)。PBS NewsHour,我是尼克·西夫林=@;C^ZV24lLN


  • correspondentn. 通讯记者,通信者 adj. 与 ... 一致的,相
  • votern. 投票人,选举人
  • majorityn. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派 n. 法定年龄
  • intervenevi. 干涉,干预,插入,介入,调停,阻挠
  • havenn. 港口,避难所,安息所 v. 安置 ... 于港中,
  • securityn. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券
  • dignityn. 尊严,高贵,端庄
  • campaignn. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动 v. 从事运动,参加竞
  • internaladj. 国内的,内在的,身体内部的
  • liberalismn. 自由主义,开明的思想 Liberalism: 自由