经济学人:土耳其:遏制埃尔多安独裁正当其时(2)
日期:2018-07-31 10:30

(单词翻译:单击)

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中英文本

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The vicious attempted coup of July 2016 deserved to fail.

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2016年7月的恶性未遂政变理应失败St=)wnC3BguRXB;cDa

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But Mr Erdogan’s revenge has been indiscriminate and disproportionate.

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但是埃尔多安先生报复是不分青红皂白、不成比例的T(TGI0p1n;2k_^d3[6M

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Some 110,000 people have lost their jobs in the army, schools and the bureaucracy;

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大约11万人失去了在军队、学校和政府的工作,

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more than 50,000 people were arrested, of whom 35,000 have been convicted.

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超过5万人被捕,其中3.5万人被判有罪Rs1Br;#[du)Y

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Taking advantage of a climate of fear and a state of emergency,

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埃尔多安先生利用恐惧的气氛和情况的紧急,

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Mr Erdogan pushed through a constitutional reform that turns Turkey from a parliamentary to a presidential system,

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通过宪法改革将土耳其从议会变成总统制,

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greatly reducing the power of the legislature to check a now-mighty president, ie, himself.

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极大地削弱了立法机关的权力,而立法机关是用来制衡现在强大的总统的,即,埃尔多安本人@ZzE+GuK7%R=kE

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These changes were approved by a close referendum in 2017, amid credible allegations of cheating.

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2017年,这些改革全民公投通过,而这次公投遭到了可信的作弊指控tTg^_Gq^N6ZA!1&O

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For all these reasons, Mr Erdogan should go.

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出于以上所有原因,埃尔多安应该下台z)F1_TtIpFDo

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Who should replace him is less obvious.

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但谁应该取代他就不那么明朗了^Aa]n))2rfL+&w-~ct@

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Of the alternatives, Selahattin Demirtas, the leader of the HDP, the main Kurdish party, is impressive but has no chance of winning,

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在有可能取代他的候选人中,库尔德人的主要政党人民民主党领导人塞拉赫丁·德米尔塔什,印象深刻但没有获胜的机会,

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not just because he is a Kurd in a country that mistrusts them,

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不仅仅是因为他处在一个不信任库尔德人的国家里,

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but also because he is campaigning from behind bars, having been jailed on trumped-up terrorism charges.

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还因为他正在监狱里进行竞选活动,他因之前捏造恐怖主义而被指控入狱9%c69lN%,sAF

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On balance, Muharrem Ince, a former teacher who now represents Kemal Ataturk’s old party, the CHP, is the best option.

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总的来说,穆哈雷姆·因斯是最合适的选择,他以前是老师,现在代表凯末尔的旧政党,即共和人民党GN*%#SZFz[)oeO_i1a]o

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Despite the CHP’s statist instincts, Mr Inceis a strong-minded and decent candidate.

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尽管共和人民党有中央集权的倾向,但因斯先生是一位意志坚强、正派得体的候选人5mwIR7]E[]

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He has made a point of visiting Mr Demirtas in prison; as the child of observant Muslims, he could win over some AK voters.

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他特意拜访了狱中的德米尔塔什先生;作为虔诚的穆斯林的后代,他能够赢得一些正义与发展党选民的支持|T2GPyKLLWQi&)QYX,W

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Polls suggest that Mr Ince will find it hard to win even if he can force Mr Erdogan into a run-off on July 8th.

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民意调查显示,因斯先生即使能和埃尔多安先生进入7月8日的决选,也很难赢得选举L[qz@06X#c

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That makes the parliamentary ballot especially important.

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这使得议会选举尤为重要).%r+5ogK%ZuAaZ5S

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There is a good chance that AK (and a smaller ally) will lose its majority.

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好机会是正义与发展党(以及一个较小的盟友)很有可能失去多数席位Km)z#]w!,0T(^xT7;9q

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For that to happen, though, the HDP will have to clear a 10% thresh old or it will get no seats at all.

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不过,为了实现这一目标,人民民主党必须清除10%的旧票,否则将得不到任何席位Fo@BkMKApbj,PN

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Voters should opt for it wherever they can.

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选民应该尽可能地选择因斯先生m4NVwY|~)EH9@T3#!lz

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Even if Mr Erdogan wins re-election, an opposition controlled chamber will be able to speak out against his abuses,

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即使埃尔多安赢得连任,由反对党控制的议院将能够公开反对埃尔多安权力滥用、

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block his decrees and perhaps reverse his constitutional changes.

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对其法令颁布形成一定阻碍,或许还可以逆转他的宪法改革2|m2%U^1Sza,B&|9Yy

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Any checks and balances are better than none.

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为了阻止苏丹埃尔多安,土耳其需要一个有效的反对党@W#ws*;mhX(5Gbf~|=

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To stop the sultan, Turkey needs an effective opposition.

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任何审查和制衡都比没有强]!~@S3|DuM

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译文由可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载M5q+vo*dxt

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词语解释

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1.take advantage of 利用 (某事物)

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I intend to take full advantage of this trip to buy the things we need.

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我打算充分利用这次旅行来购买我们需要的物品PKG4Q!%sgD8Q

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2.trumped-up (指控)捏造的

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Others felt to be involved in the conspiracy were arrested on trumped- up charges.

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其他被认为与这个阴谋有牵连的人以捏造的罪名遭到逮捕2CGzmcBSt&WS

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3.speak out 公开说出

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As tempers rose, he spoke out strongly against some of the radical ideas for selling off state-owned property.

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随着火气上升,他公开表达了对某些卖掉国有资产的过激想法的强烈反对vs!9iizW0&C6N|Mn3|i2

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4.opt for 选择

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These are the clothes which you can opt for.

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这些是可供你选择的衣服@dJImdrC9#k

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重点单词
  • blockn. 街区,木块,石块 n. 阻塞(物), 障碍(物)
  • constitutionaladj. 宪法的,合乎宪法的,体质的,组成的 n. 散步
  • optionn. 选择权,可选物,优先购买权 v. 给予选择
  • spokev. 说,说话,演说
  • intendvt. 想要,计划,打算,意指
  • oppositionn. 反对,敌对,在野党
  • checkn. 检查,支票,账单,制止,阻止物,检验标准,方格图案
  • legislaturen. 立法机关
  • majorityn. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派 n. 法定年龄
  • obviousadj. 明显的,显然的