经济学人:开启黑人牧师时代
日期:2012-03-21 13:39

(单词翻译:单击)

WHEN Fred Luter, the pastor of a large congregation in a flood-damaged section of New Orleans, assumes the presidency of the Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) at its annual meeting in June, it will not be the usual passing of the baton for America’s largest Protestant denomination. Mr Luter, who is black, will become the standard-bearer of a group with a long history of racism.
弗雷德.路特是新奥尔良一个遭受洪灾破坏街区的大会牧师,在美南浸信会六月年会上接任会长,这将是美国新教最大教派领袖一次不同寻常的交接,路特这个黑人将成为这个有着悠久种族歧视历史教会的旗手。


Prejudice coloured the SBC from its very founding in 1845, as a breakaway sect from the anti-slavery Baptists of the north. (After the civil war, most black Baptists in the South split off from the SBC.) During the civil-rights struggle, although the convention’s leaders endorsed integration, most Southern Baptist pastors and most of their flocks were reliable defenders of white supremacy.
作为抵制农奴制度美北浸信会的独立分支,美南浸信会(SBC)从1845年成立之初就披上了歧视的色彩。 内战过后,南方的浸信会黑人大部分都离开了美南浸信会(SBC)。 在民权斗争期间,尽管教会领导支持黑人加入,但南方的很多浸信会牧师和教会组织都坚持维护白人的优势地位。
In 1995 the convention formally apologised and promised to make amends. In recent years it has passed a series of resolutions requiring its churches to include more black members and to appoint black leaders. (It has also considered breaking with its past by dropping the Southern, becoming instead the awkward Great Commission Baptists.)
1995年,该教会做出正式道歉并承诺做出改善。 近年来,教会已经通过了一系列要求教会招募更多黑人会员以及任命黑人领导的决议。 (它还考虑过和过去划清界线,把名字中的南部一词去掉,改名为不太顺口的浸信会大委员会)
Mr Luter’s accession will be the most visible sign yet that Southern Baptists are making progress on this front. And progress is necessary. They may be America’s second-largest group of Christians after Catholics—16m strong—but their numbers have levelled off, and have probably even waned a bit. If the denomination wants to flourish, it will have to find new members among minorities. It is slowly doing so: whereas in 1990 95% of Southern Baptist congregations were white, only 80% are nowadays.
然而路特的当选显然说明南方浸信会已经在这方面取得进步。 进步也是必不可少的。 该教会有望成为美国仅次于天主教(一千六百万教友)的第二大基督教会,但是他们(美南浸信会)的教友数目最近有持平的趋势,甚至可能有所下降。 美南浸信会要想发展壮大,必须在少数人群中寻找新会员, 这种行动已经缓步开展: 1990年时南方浸信会成员白人占95%,而今的白人只占80%。
Their next leader is a living embodiment of that shift. Mr Luter took over Franklin Avenue Baptist Church in 1986, when the congregation had dwindled to a few dozen because its mostly white membership had fled to the suburbs. Mr Luter built it into a mostly black gathering that had 7,000 members when Hurricane Katrina struck, in 2005. The church, which stood in nine feet (three metres) of water after the storm, has been rebuilt; its flock now numbers about 5,000.
教会的下任会长就是这一转变生生的体现。 路特于1986年接管富兰克林街道浸信会教堂,当时该教区信徒数目已缩小到了几十人,因为很多白人会员已经逃往郊区。路特一手把该教区发展光大,到2005年卡特里娜飓风来袭时,该教区已经有7千名信徒了,大多是黑人。教堂因飓风进水达3米,已经重建。现在的会员已接近5000人。
Yet Mr Luter’s rise to the presidency of the organisation is more than a matter of symbolism. He is a true-blue Southern Baptist who inveighs against gay marriage and abortion from the pulpit, but also displays a gift for passionate, humorous preaching that has its roots in his past as a street minister. This has made him an inspiring speaker at previous SBC conventions. The man who first suggested his candidacy, Danny Akin, president of Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary in Wake Forest, North Carolina, told a reporter then that he believed Mr Luter would be elected on merit, regardless of race or colour. But, he added, he gives us an opportunity…to say something about who we want to be.
然而路特升职为会长不单是形式上的象征。 他是一位坚定的南方浸信会信徒,在讲坛上常常怒斥同性婚姻和堕胎;他还展现了幽默热情的布道天赋,作为街道牧师他的天赋展露无遗。 这也让他成为以往美南浸信会(SBC)集会上振奋人心的演说家。 首位推举他为候选人的是Danny Akin,北卡罗拉威客森林()南方浸信会神学院的院长,他告诉记者:路特的当选是因为德才,与种族肤色无关。 但他补充道,他给我们一个机会...告诉世人我们究竟想成为什么样的人。

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重点单词
  • conventionn. 大会,协定,惯例,公约
  • commissionn. 委员会,委托,委任,佣金,犯罪 vt. 委任,委托
  • visibleadj. 可见的,看得见的 n. 可见物
  • inspiringadj. 令人振奋的,激励人的,鼓舞人心的
  • previousadj. 在 ... 之前,先,前,以前的
  • opportunityn. 机会,时机
  • passionateadj. 热情的,易怒的,激情的
  • prejudicen. 偏见,伤害 vt. 使 ... 存偏见,伤害
  • candidacyn. 候选资格;候选状态
  • symbolismn. 象征主义,象征,符号化