Skilled Immigration: Six degrees and separation
Immigrants are arriving better educated than ever before.
Jose Rommel Umano, who is originally from the Philippines, moved to New York last autumn.
Jose Rommel Umano 来自菲律宾，他去年秋天搬到了纽约。珍妮·贝塔罗娃说道，这种程度在美国是没有过的。
He came on a family-reunification visa and joined his wife, who had been living in America for some time.
This is a typical tale: America gives more weight to close family members when considering immigration applications than some other rich countries do.
More surprising is that Mr Rommel Umano arrived with a master's degree from the University of Tokyo and 20 years of experience as an architect in Japan.
令人更加惊讶的是，Rommel Umano 有东京大学的硕士学位和在日本20年的建筑师从业经验。
Yet this, it turns out, is typical too.
Nearly half of all immigrants who arrived between 2011 and 2015 were college-educated.
This is a level “unheard of” in America, says Jeanne Batalova, co-author of the paper containing the finding published by the Migration Policy Institute (MPI), a think-tank.
One of Donald Trump's many executive orders instructed the Departments of Labour, Justice and Homeland Security to examine immigration rules.
The president, whose hostility to illegal migrants is well-known, has also said that he would like to change the criteria for choosing legal ones, pointing to Canada or Australia as models for America to copy.
In 1967 Canada became the first country to introduce a points system for immigration; Canada and Australia now both give priority to would-be migrants with degrees, work experience and fluent English (and, in Canada, French).
Some of the president's advisers think this more hard-headed system is better than America's family-centred approach.
The doomed immigration bill from 2013 that died in the House of Representatives also reflected widespread enthusiasm for a points-based system.
Two things ought to temper this enthusiasm.
First, Canada and Australia have concluded that pure points systems do not work well.
A surprisingly high share of the people admitted this way ended up unemployed.
Both countries have since changed their immigration criteria so that applicants who have job offers in their pockets may jump the queue.
Second, migrants who move to America to join family members have become much better educated.
Of the more than 1m new green-card holders (or permanent residents) in 2015, the most recent year with numbers available, almost half were immediate relatives of citizens.
1.turns out 证明是；结果是
例句:She'll put the blame on us if it turns out badly.
2.ended up 结束
例句:To cut a long story short, I ended up as managing director.
3.job offers 工作邀请；工作机会
例句:He had refused several excellent job offers.
4.illegal migrants 非法移民
例句:Many locals and government officials instead say they are illegal migrants from Bangladesh.