科学美国人60秒:早餐多吃或对糖尿病患者有益处
日期:2015-04-13 16:26

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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People with type 2 diabetes have to keep a close watch on their blood glucose levels.
Now a small study finds that having the day's biggest meal at breakfast and smallest meal at dinner offers much better glucose control than having a small breakfast and big dinner—even when the total intake during the day was exactly the same:1,500 calories.
The study, by researchers from Israel's Tel Aviv University, Sweden's Lund University and other institutions, is in the journalDiabetologia.
Eighteen adult volunteers, 10 women and eight men all with type 2 diabetes, were assigned by a coin flip to either the big breakfast diet or the big dinner one.
In the big dinner diet, participants spent a week having about a 200-calorie breakfast, a 600-calorie lunch and a 700-calorie dinner.
The big breakfast diet was the reverse, with the 700-calorie meal in the morning, the 600-calorie lunch and a light, 200 calorie dinner.
After two weeks, the groups switched meal plans, so that the big dinner folks became the big breakfast folks and vice versa.
And overall, various measures of blood glucose and insulin levels were significantly better in those who had their big meal in the morning.
The next steps are longer studies with more participants.
But like a healthy breakfast, this research seems like a good start.

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参考译文

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患有2型糖尿病的患者必须时刻关注自身的血糖水平5b=P_RD^QfGtY
而现在一项小规模研究发现:即使总摄入量维持在1500卡路里,相比早吃少,晚多吃,一天当中早多吃、晚吃少更有助于人们更好的控制血糖zhfr+~6qNBKw

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这项由以色列特拉维夫大学、瑞典兰德大学及其他机构研究人员共同合作的研究已在于《糖尿病学》杂志上发表RS5Wq15d7e8.24yq-
研究中,患有2型糖尿病的10女8男志愿者通过丢硬币的方式被分成“早餐多吃”及“晚餐多吃”两组Q%Iu874_(pW.;c
“晚多吃” 组的受试者们在接下来的一周当中每天摄取的卡路里中早餐占200,午餐600,而晚餐700卡路里O]fTuO_JKRTj%jwR).KO
而对照的早多吃组摄取的卡路里为早餐700,午餐600,而晚餐则是200卡路里qv0S%w-5-Q)pBUvoHp=
2周后两组交换进餐计划:原来“早多吃” 那一组改为“晚多吃”组,反之亦然7D)5Gs_ho@v5qh9h
总体来看,那些“早多吃”组的血糖及胰岛素水平有了显著提高r;GjHwU0runT,NG#vf
接下来就需要对更多志愿者进行更为长期的研究orFmlLYCJDH
但是就好健康营养早餐一样,这份研究似乎是个很好的开始|RJy,W5G_kD4

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点讲解

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1.keep watch on 监视

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例句:Plainclothes goons now keep watch on his home.
如今,他的住所一直受到便衣警察的监视ajx]yu[~3Q

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2.glucose control 血糖控制

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例句:After 90 days, the rats fed blueberries had less abdominal fat, lower cholesterol, and improved glucose control andinsulin sensitivity.
90天之后,摄入的蓝莓成功地减少了老鼠腹部脂肪,降低胆固醇,改善血糖控制及胰岛素敏感性j0B1NNsbp)p8AR~oH

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3.either or 不是…就是…

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例句:Either or both are, he says, "really helpful for turning raw talent into management skills."
他说:“这两种方式种的任何一种都可以帮助把天生的才能转变成管理技能AN]z.88RHamQ-&mK。”

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4.vice versa 反过来也一样;反之亦然

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例句:But maybe you'd really rather manage by consensus-or it might be vice versa.
但或许人们更应该在协商一致的基础上进行管理,或是反过来(iL)fvJ%c5q&

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重点单词
  • insulinn. 胰岛素
  • calorien. 卡,卡路里(热量单位) =calory
  • flipvt. 掷,弹,轻击 vi. 翻转 n. 空翻,浏览 a
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • sensitivityn. 敏感,多愁善感,感受性
  • overalladj. 全部的,全体的,一切在内的 adv. 总的来说
  • diabetesn. 糖尿病
  • reversen. 相反,背面,失败,倒档 adj. 反面的,相反的,