科学美国人60秒:大脑不同区域处理截然不同的音乐类型
日期:2014-04-10 15:59

(单词翻译:单击)

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中英文本

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Vivaldi versus the Beatles.
维瓦尔迪对阵甲壳虫&5L9SZeHc4
Both great. But your brain may be processing the musical information differently for each.
都很伟大j4gx|W||Gr。但是你的大脑也许对他们的音乐风格进行了不同的加工处理WkN&jln9=rJ(i8A
That's according to research in the journal NeuroImage.
这是根据《神经图像》杂志上的一篇研究文章得出的结论dOC&-WS3Oc2wHs
For the study, volunteers had their brains scanned by functional MRI as they listened to two musical medleys containing songs from different genres.
该研究让志愿者们在聆听两种不同风格音乐合集的时候对于大脑进行核磁共振扫描检测C~swZ4)F0Kscc9zfm~
The scans identified brain regions that became active during listening.
结果显示在聆听时大脑区域会变得活跃f**#.3p*+%

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One medley included four instrumental pieces and the other consisted of songs from the B side of Abbey Road.
一个合集里面包括了四种乐器的表演片段,而令一个则是甲壳虫的专辑《修道院路》的B面n4Z3Kz1UuWbmW+mu#42~
Computer algorithms were used to identify specific aspects of the music, which the researchers were able to match with specific, activated brain areas.
计算机辅助程序确认了这些音乐中的某些特质,而研究者们则将其与特殊的被激活的大脑功能区进行联系0]LDqOFm|!~)YL;&m0
The researchers found that vocal and instrumental music get treated differently.
研究人员们发现声音以及乐器音乐信息是被不同的大脑区域加工处理8fJiiU.2LfykJMkTy|0
While both hemispheres of the brain deal with musical features, the presence of lyrics shifts the processing of musical features to the left auditory cortex.
尽管大脑两个半球都能够处理音乐,但左半球负责听力的脑皮层更偏爱对有歌词的乐曲信息进行处理%jjsnLbpd35[1lP
These results suggest that the brain's hemispheres are specialized for different kinds of sound processing.
这些结果表明大脑半球对不同声音信息的敏感度是不同的(&D!!&8PRDIz_kZ^1wL
A finding revealed but what you might call instrumental analysis.
有了这样的结果日后你将如何解释仪器分析这门学科呢?
词语解释

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1.according to 根据,按照;据…所说

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According to woz, the two are still friends.
据沃兹的说法,两个还是好朋友tmF6@rb6ZnI@Xiqd5hL

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Again this is according to recently declassified information.
这也还是根据最近解密的信息得知的qe%;_JRtJLMbOMR

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2.listen to 听从;听取

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To find an answer, listen to the markets.
要想找到答案,且听市场之言6scsNSv09oDFYNo

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You need to listen to them more.
你需要更多地听取他们的意见1OHb4n(joCz;epCnE!j

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3.consist of 由…组成

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Markets consist of human beings, not demographic sectors.
市场由人类组成,而非数据统计部门G#b7z1s)^oO-olJ

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Our life groups consist of 6-12 adults plus children and meet together regularly for fellowship, bible study and prayer.
我们的生活团体由6到12个成年人加上儿童以伙伴关系定期聚会,研究圣经和祈祷K)q(moW#[k!f~^|9

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4.deal with 与…交易;应付

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He also has some unfamiliar problems to deal with.
但他还有一些不熟悉的问题需要处理bVjn&Wc=Q~

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Deal with a boss who bullies.
对付以强欺弱的老板=9d*z@[=Q%x

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重点单词
  • specialized专门的 专科的
  • analysisn. 分析,解析
  • functionaladj. 功能的,有功能的,实用的
  • instrumentaladj. 有帮助的,可做为手段的,乐器的,仪器的 n.
  • prayern. 祈祷,祷告,祷文 v. 祷告,祷文
  • identifyvt. 识别,认明,鉴定 vi. 认同,感同身受
  • presencen. 出席,到场,存在 n. 仪态,风度
  • vocaladj. 声音的,口述的,歌唱的 n. 元音,声乐作品
  • demographicadj. 人口统计学的
  • unfamiliaradj. 不熟悉的