科学美国人60秒:比尔·盖茨宣布全球流感疫苗计划
日期:2018-10-19 11:43

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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This is Scientific American — 60-Second Science. I'm Steve Mirsky.
"Almost all the speeches I give on global health are about the incredible progress and exciting new tools that are helping the world reduce child mortality and tackle infectious diseases."
Bill Gates, earlier today, April 27th, at a symposium in Boston called Epidemics Going Viral: Innovation Vs. Nature, put together by the Massachusetts Medical Society and The New England Journal of Medicine.
"There's one area, though, where the world isn't making much progress. And the story is actually quite a negative one if we don't get serious about it. And that's pandemic preparedness. It should concern us all, because history has taught us there will be another deadly global pandemic."
This year is the 100th anniversary of the pandemic flu that is estimated to have infected a half billion people and killed between 50 and 100 million. And a pandemic flu remains a serious threat. We currently have to create a new, seasonal vaccine annually, based on a best estimate of the specifics of the upcoming flu. So one goal has long been to create a vaccine against all variations of the flu virus.

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"Today we're launching a $12 million Grand Challenge, in partnership with the Page family, to accelerate the development of a universal flu vaccine. The goal is to encourage bold thinking by the world's best scientists across disciplines, including those new to the field. Lucy and Larry Page are also supporting efforts by the Sabin Vaccine Institute to encourage innovative approaches that eliminate the threat of a deadly flu pandemic."
Larry Page is one of the founders of Google.
Of course, flu is not the only threat out there.
"The next threat may not be flu at all. More than likely it will be an unknown pathogen that we see for the first time during an outbreak. As was the case with SARS, MERS and other recently discovered infectious diseases."
And vaccines are not enough.
"So, we need to invest in other approaches, like antiviral drugs or antibody therapies that can be stockpiled or rapidly manufactured to stop the spread of the disease or treat people who've been exposed...we need a clear roadmap for a comprehensive pandemic preparedness and response system. This is important because lives, in numbers too great to comprehend, depend on it."
For Scientific American — 60-Second Science. I'm Steve Mirsky.

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参考译文

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这里是科学美国人——60秒科学okkjqqWlHu4DeB。我是史蒂夫·米尔斯基k=W4jlb-j,
“在我就全球健康所做的演讲中,几乎都与新工具难以置信的进步和令人振奋的消息有关,这些工具正在帮助世界降低儿童死亡率并应对传染病Y@L7um3soz。”
4月27日早些时候,比尔·盖茨出席在波士顿举办的“流行病病毒式传播:革新与自然”研讨会并发表讲话,该研讨会由马萨诸塞州医学会和《新英格兰医学杂志》共同举办@HZgU#;);Q1mdIL
“然而有一个领域世界至今仍未取得重大进展H(W~&GJhnr~3l;G~。如果我们不认真对待这个领域,那它就会造成极大的负面影响o)THbkuytZ]1。这个领域就是大流行病预防mRI_|5TE|q。它应该关系到我们所有人,因为历史告诉我们,将会发生另一场致命的全球性流行病Mlsa0j;43#。”
今年是大流行流感爆发100周年,据估计那场流感造成5亿人感染,5000万至1亿人死亡0O2[AGWu*4f7o|CJY。而大流行流感仍是严重威胁jto(&5.&GO5Fw。现在我们必须根据对下一次流感特性的最佳估计,研发新的季节性疫苗O19b9h!ldmpbqVB;0.。因此,我们长期以来的目标是研发出一种可以对抗流感病毒所有变种的疫苗rfRhi%GBXErd(6xFy^t
“今天,我们与佩奇家族合作,启动1200万美元的“伟大的挑战”项目,以便加快通用流感疫苗的研发fv~#OHPY6^Tm@wl。我们的目标是鼓励全球最优秀的科学家大胆设想,包括那些这一领域的新手2A^m&,(mNAfvEDR6%%。露茜·佩奇和拉里·佩奇也支持萨宾疫苗研究所的努力,即鼓励消除致命流感大流行威胁的创新方法,^k;%M!]r!.!FLSXu2K。”
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当然,流感并不是唯一的威胁Ki@%v!A[]z3a9
“下一次产生威胁的可能根本不是流感An)StxrqY+=。很可能是我们在疫情爆发期间首次看到的未知病原体k**6qzkN)I。就像‘非典'、中东呼吸综合征以及最近发现的其他传染病Kw=lNS.%yEYIb。”
而疫苗是不够的51mSRKR*YX5@0Z-^Db!8
“因此,我们需要投资对抗病毒的其他方法,比如抗病毒药物或抗体疗法,这些方法可以被储存或快速制造,阻止疾病传播或治疗已接触过病毒的人,对于全面的大流行病预防和响应机制,我们需要清晰的路线图J~96|2TLTkKjW6i3FV。这很重要,因为多到无法理解的大量生命都依赖这个机制(dK]pFd3X)=。”
谢谢大家收听科学美国人——60秒科学O-NH3*r6&DQ。我是史蒂夫·米尔斯基ywei;g4QT1As9D

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点讲解

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重点讲解:
1. put together 拼合;组合;
He can do the work of two persons put together.
他一个人能当两个人用R5xHI7bh=f!R2TUwC
2. be based on 以…为基础;
The doctrine was based on three fundamental principles.
这个学说建立在三条基本原理之上,.WJS,^s5zc~diP]X
3. invest in 投资;
After careful research we decided to invest in this project.
经过认真的研究,我们决定对这个项目进行投资x#y89E9deyI,U%B*14w
4. depend on 依靠;依赖;
Children depend on their parents for food and clothing.
小孩依赖父母供给衣食!QfgLTM1Sq%h

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重点单词
  • acceleratevt. 加速,提前,跳级 vi. 加速
  • challengen. 挑战 v. 向 ... 挑战
  • pandemicadj. 全国流行的 n. (全国或全世界范围流行的)疾
  • eliminatev. 除去,剔除; 忽略
  • virusn. 病毒,病原体
  • vaccinen. 疫苗
  • exposedadj. 暴露的,无掩蔽的,暴露于风雨中的 v. 暴露,
  • negativeadj. 否定的,负的,消极的 n. 底片,负数,否定
  • antibodyn. 抗体
  • doctrinen. 教义,主义,学说,(政府政策的)正式声明