(单词翻译:单击)

CATTI二级口译精讲第39讲讲义

（1）描述的 是什么内容;
（2）趋势是怎样的, 是上升还是下降;
（3）什么数字, 注意力重点放在较高数位上。

1．趋势的表达法

2．数值的表达法：

3. 倍数表达法：

（1）A是B 的5倍：
A is five times as large as B
A is five times larger than B

（2）A增加到原来的5倍：
A increases fivefold / (by ) five times / by a factor of five / by 400%.
（3）A减少到原来的1/5：
A decreases by five times / by a factor of five / by 80%.
There is fivefold decrease in A.
A is five times as small as before.
A is five times smaller than before.

A increases by 6 times: A增加到原来的六倍；或A比原来增加了五倍。
A reduces by 3 times: A 减少到原来的三分之一； 或 A减少了两倍。
A reduces by 30 times: A 减少了29倍
A is 2.5 times lighter than before: A比原来轻了1.5 倍。

Asia is now home to some of the fastest-growing AIDS epidemics in the world. In Asia, an estimated 7.4 million people (range: 5.0-10.5 million) are living with HIV. Around half a million are believed to have died of AIDS in 2003 and about twice as many-1.1 million became newly infected. //

0-Asia is faced with a narrow window of opportunity to prevent AIDS from having a more severe impact on the region. With 60% of the world's population, Asia is now home to some of the fastest-growing AIDS epidemics in the world. This is primarily due to sharp increases in HIV infections in China, Indonesia and Viet Nam, which together make up close to 50% of Asia's population. //

0-The region includes the world's most populous countries-China and India-with 2.25 billion people between them. In both countries, national HIV prevalence is low: 0.1% in China and between 0.4% and 1.3% in India. But a closer focus reveals that both have extremely serious epidemics in a number of provinces, territories and states. //

In China, 10 million people may be infected with HIV by 2010 unless effective action is urgently taken. The virus has spread to all 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, yet each area has its own distinctive epidemic pattern. For example, in Xinjiang, HIV prevalence among injecting drug users is 35-80%. In areas such as Anhui, Henan and Shandong, HIV gained a foothold in the early 1990s among rural people who were selling contaminated blood. //