American side says that's why the United States will stay the course in Iraq, and they are in good company. Today there are 24,500 soldiers from 34 countries standing alongside American soldiers. There are scores of nations involved in reconstruction efforts, which have committed billions in donations and in-kind services. The United Nations is also involved. Since May 2003, the U.N. Security Council has passed four Resolutions, which have established a comprehensive framework for international participation and progress. These Resolutions have also paved the way for more extensive UN involvement. //
The Coalition Provisional Authority has made great progress. Working with a mix of US government agencies, private contractors, and Iraqis, they have retrofitted decrepit power and sewage treatment plants, which already surpass prewar output and reliability. They have renovated and reopened the port of Umm Qasr and the Baghdad International Airport, repaired oil facilities and expanded the communications infrastructure. They have vaccinated some 3 million toddlers, distributed almost 9 million schoolbooks,and created jobs for nearly a half-million Iraqis. That is especially important in a country where unemployment and underemployment is, by some estimates, nearly 50 percent. // Political and economic recovery is without question essential for Iraq, but it will be very difficult to lock in these gains without an improvement in the security situation. For that reason, the US and international military forces will remain in the country. The Department of Defense will also continue to train an Iraqi Military Force, with an ambitious goal of a 40,000 man force by the end of the year. At the same time, the State Department is recruiting and training separate law enforcement forces. The CPA is also dealing with millions of landmines and the conversion of unconventional weapons programs and dual use facilities to peaceful, civilian missions.
After nearly 30 years of efforts, China has successfully found its own way to have an integrated approach to the population issue with its own national characteristics. A system of regulating and adjusting the population growth with a proper family planning program management has gradually come into being. This is a system in keeping with market economy. China's population and development program has achieved universally acknowledged success. The citizens' rights to subsistence and development and their rights in the socio-economic and cultural fields have been notably improved. //
The excessive population growth has been brought under effective control. The birth rate and natural growth rate decreased from 33.43‰ and 25.83‰ in 1970 to 15.23‰ and 8.77‰ in 1999 respectively. The total fertility rate of Chinese women went below the replacement level, making China one of the countries with a low fertility level in the world. //
When economically still underdeveloped, China has accomplished a historic transition in population reproduction pattern from one featuring high birth rate, low death rate and high growth rate to one featuring low birth rate, low death rate and low growth rate in a relatively short period of time, a change that took decades or even up to a hundred years for developed countries to realize in the past.
Great achievements have been made in various social undertakings such as education and public health. By the end of 2000, a nine-year compulsory education has been made universal by and large, and illiteracy among young and middle-aged people has been basically eliminated. On the average, the number of college students for every 10,000 people increased from 8.9 in 1978 to 32.8 in 1999. //
On the whole everybody has access to primary health care service. The maternal mortality rate has plummeted from 94.7 per 100,000 in 1990 to 56.2 per 100,000 in 1998. The hospitalized delivery rate reached over 66.8% in 1999. The average life expectancy increased to 71 years, the same as in medium-level developed countries. //