Army doctors in Texas have successfully transplanted a new left ear on a soldier. The ear was "grown" in the soldier's lower arm.
The procedure is the first of its kind for the U.S. Army. It involved doctors taking cartilage from the soldier's ribs. The cartilage was carved to look like an ear. It was then put under the skin of the soldier's arm to let the ear develop.
The soldier, Shamika Burrage, is 21 years old. In 2016, she was in a car accident.
She and a family member were driving from Mississippi to Fort Bliss, Texas, where Burrage was based. One of the car's tires burst. The vehicle slid for over 200 meters before rolling several times. Burrage was thrown from the car.
She suffered severe head and back injuries and lost her left ear. Doctors later told Burrage that if she had not received such quick medical attention, she would have bled to death.
After several months in the hospital, Burrage started seeing a counselor because of emotional issues caused by accident and its effects on her appearance. The counselor suggested that she go to a plastic surgeon, Burrage said.
Owen Johnson is chief of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at William Beaumont Army Medical Center in El Paso, Texas. He explained to Burrage the process of a total ear reconstruction.
At first, Burrage resisted. She had mostly just considered getting an artificial ear, she said. The idea of total reconstruction frightened her, but she wanted to see what he could do, she said in a story on the U.S. Army website.
By placing the new ear created by her cartilage into Burrage's arm, new blood vessels were able to form. This will let her have feeling in her new ear once the full process is complete.
Burrage did not lose her ability to hear. But her ear canal had closed up from the trauma. Johnson was able to open it again.
Burrage now has two more operations left. She says she is happy to be almost done with the reconstruction process.
She said, It's been a long process for everything, but I'm back.
1.let sb/sth do sth 让……做某事
Don't let me doit again.
2.blood vessel 血管
But the new blood vessel may be even more prone to " atherosclerosis" or plaque buildup, than the original vessel.
但是新的血管比原先的血管可能更容易患“动脉粥样硬化 ”或斑块积聚 。
3.because of 因为，由于
His business went under because of competition from the large corporations.
4.plastic surgeon 外科整形医生
As his colleague says, the job of the plastic surgeon is to simply “follow desires.
5.The cartilage was carved to look like an ear.
look like 看起来像/要
He looks like a southerner.
It looks like rain.
6.The soldier, Shamika Burrage, is 21 years old. In 2016, she was in a car accident.
car accident 车祸
He lost his sight in a car accident.
Years after my terrible car accident I still have nightmares about it.
这种操作在美国部队里还是第一次，需要医生将软骨从这名士兵的肋骨上取下来 。然后将软骨做成耳朵的形状，放在士兵手臂的皮肤下，让这只新耳朵得以发育 。
这位士兵名作伯雷奇(Shamika Burrage)，今年21岁 。2016年，她在一场车祸中受伤 。
当时，她和家人从密西西比驱车前往德州的布利斯堡，那里也是她部队所在的地方 。但有一只车胎爆了，导致车在滑行了200多米后，滚了好几圈 。最后，伯雷奇被甩出了车
她的头部和背部严重受伤，左耳失聪 。后来，医生对她说，要不是治疗及时，她就会因失血过多而死 。
在医院治疗了几个月后，伯雷奇开始见一名顾问，因为车祸和车祸对她外表造成的影响给她带来了心理创伤 。这位顾问给的建议是让她去做整形，伯雷奇这样复述道 。
约翰逊(Owen Johnson)是德州厄尔巴索市蒙特陆军医疗中心关于外科整形的负责人 。他向伯雷奇解释了整个外耳再造的流程 。
起初，伯雷奇是抗拒的 。她说，她想地只是弄一个仿真耳 。进行外耳再造的想法让她感到害怕，但她还是想看看医生能做成什么样子，美军官网上的一则报道里这样写道 。
将她自己软骨做成的新耳朵放进她的手臂，就能让新耳朵长出新的血管 。这样，等整个流程走完，她的新耳朵就会有感觉了 。
伯雷奇没有失去听觉 。但她的耳道因为遭受创伤导致封闭 。约翰逊有办法让耳道再次打开 。
现在，伯雷奇还差两次手术就大功告成了 。她说自己很开心，外耳再造的流程就要结束了 。