VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):研究发现孕妇未能得到疟疾预防治疗
日期:2013-08-15 10:10

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.

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Malaria kills about 200,000 newborn babies and 10,000 new mothers every year. Most of these death are in Africa. Malaria can also cause mothers to lose their babies before they are born, or cause a baby to be born early. These are low cost ways to prevent malaria infection. But a new study find that many pregnant women do not receive this intervention.

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For example, for the past 20 years, the World Health Organization (WHO) has advised pregnant women in areas with high rates of malaria to sleep on the bed nets treated with insecticide.

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The WHO also advised them to get what is known as intermittent preventive treatment, or IPT. This treatment involves take in a low cost anti-malaria drug at certain times in the pregnancy in an effort to prevent the disease. The WHO recommends that pregnant women receive the medicine usually around 4 times during visits to a clinic.

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Many pregnant women and new mothers go to medical clinics in sub-saharan Africa. Yet researchers say only about 21 percent receive intermittent preventive treatment during their pregnancy, and less than 40 percent are given protective bed nets.

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Jenny Hill from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine is program manager for a research partnership called the Malaria and Pregnancy Consortium.

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Miss Hill says a review of 98 studies found a number of barriers to malaria prevention, these included unclear policy and guidance from government ministers and health care officials. Other problems include drug shortages, a lack of clean water, and confusion about how to administer IPT.

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"They were unclear on when to give it whether it could be given to women on an empty stomach, whether it should be given under observation in clinics, and so on and so forth."

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Miss Hill says free intermittent preventive treatment is the policy in 37 countries across the region. But the researchers found that antenatal clinic or ANCs may charge fees, that can keep some preganat women from returning.

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Miss Hill says countries can reduce the number of deaths and early births due to malaria by following the WHO policy on intermittent preventive treatment. She says governments should also provide more money in their budgets for anti-malaria drug, so there are no shortages. Also they should publicize the importance of malaria prevention among women at highest risk for the disease.

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The journal PLoS Medicine published the analysis of maternal and infant malaria prevention measures.

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And that's the Health Report from VOA Learning English. You can comment on this story at voaspecialenglish.com, and you can find us on Youtube, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and Itunes at VOA Learning English. I'm Jim Tedder.

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译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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词汇解释

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1.malaria n. [内科] 疟疾;瘴气

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The malaria victim fevers intermittently.

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疟疾病人间歇地发热[t@7TBS3S8^7,KIc2^f

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2.intermittent adj. 间歇的,断断续续的

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After three hours of intermittent rain, the game was abandoned.

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雨断断续续地下了3个小时之后,比赛被取消了~IH_mSQ|TVY

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3.antenatal adj. 产前的;出生前的

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Antenatal complications can affect a baby's health.

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胎儿期并发症能影响婴儿的健康uocmTh(d^HM&L8bB8&

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内容解析

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1.This treatment involves take in a low cost anti-malaria drug at certain times in the pregnancy in an effort to prevent the disease.

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in an effort to 企图(努力想);试图要

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The scandal was hushed up in an effort to save face.

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为了不丢人,没有把这一丑闻张扬出去XCt]xX6|TDtXK7okMB5

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If you slap your face until it's swollen in an effort to look imposing,you'll suffer for sure.

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打肿脸充胖子,吃亏的是自己@RY!c2R;+8];G

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He finally left home in an effort to counter the tyranny of arranged marriage in the old society.

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他弃家出走,是对旧社会婚姻压迫的反动dEPYV;m!i5p][W

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参考译文

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这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道C;y0RzC4z6+du

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疟疾每年夺走了20万新生儿和一万名母亲的生命,大多数是在非洲gJP^.&!xr4]。疟疾能使得母亲在分娩之前失去胎儿,或导致婴儿早产zdR[tjHW9AkP]7w。目前有预防疟疾感染的低成本办法,但新研究发现许多孕妇没有得到这种干预F(h9BwZ|Xpfs*%Obgp4

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比如,过去20年间,世界卫生组织(WHO)建议疟疾高发区孕妇睡用杀虫剂喷过的蚊帐里eW[#47YOzu(C_V

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世卫组织还建议她们接受所谓的间断性预防治疗(IPT),在孕期的某些时候使用低成本的抗疟疾药物,以阻止这种疾病的发生z#cT2Qvl=D|0]w|XZm。世卫组织建议通常在访问诊所时服用4次药物dJHuu=PGh|.wafyB

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亚撒哈拉非洲地区很多孕妇和新妈妈都去诊所,然而研究者称只有21%的人在孕期接受间断性预防治疗,不到40%的孕妇得到保护性蚊帐fvxd_ss=nTrgR=oA8I

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利物浦热带医学院的珍妮·希尔是疟疾和妊娠联盟的项目经理mDeVhljWmRUC!Dj@1

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希尔女士说,对98个研究进行的审查发现了疟疾预防的多重障碍,包括政府部长们和医疗官员们发出的不明确的政策和指导,其他问题包括药物短缺,缺少清洁水,以及在IPT治疗上的混淆Yy9PuX+2QYcl

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“他们并不清楚何时服用,是否可以让妇女空腹服药,是否应在诊所予以观察等xDt-M58#z9x0](Qb+。”

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希尔女士说,该地区37个国家都有免费的间断性预防治疗h5a;1Byj6+vfYg.=._。但研究者发现胎前检查所可能会收取费用,这样孕妇就不会再来r+Fvwpw|LjWmqt

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希尔女士说,各国可以通过遵循世卫组织在间断性预防治疗方面的政策来减少疟疾引发的死亡人数和早产病例|snK~voLi@;5+F6l=41。她说政府可在预算中拨更多资金用于提供抗疟疾药物,这样就不会存在短缺现象w)Frx+LfpGI4+y020H。同时还应该在疟疾高风险妇女当中宣传疟疾预防的重要性E#Qd^R-KqzKw^tb

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美国科学公共图书馆(PLoS)发表了母婴疟疾预防措施的分析结果-Il%EK4(sK#=Z(

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这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道,登陆voaspecialenglish.com对这篇报道进行评论,还可登陆Youtube, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn和Itunes获得美国之音慢速英语的报道,我是吉姆·特德WYc&qYY]YKUY_sgWXq

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重点单词
  • certainadj. 确定的,必然的,特定的 pron. 某几个,某
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • preventionn. 阻止,妨碍,预防
  • tropicaladj. 热带的,炎热的,热带植物的
  • scandaln. 丑闻,中伤,反感,耻辱
  • victimn. 受害者,牺牲
  • infectionn. 传染,影响,传染病
  • countern. 计算器,计算者,柜台 [计算机] 计数器 adj.
  • intermittentadj. 间歇的,断断续续的
  • observationn. 观察,观察力,评论 adj. 被设计用来观察的