If you asked the average American what he thinks about African children, he would probably say that most of them live in poverty and are very thin. That average American, and perhaps many other people in the world, would probably be surprised by a recent World Health Organization report that paints a very different picture. Karen Leggett tells us what the report said.
The World Health Organization says there has been a sharp increase in the number of children in developing countries who weigh too much. In African countries, the WHO says the number of overweight or obese children is two times as high as it was 20 years ago.
Around the world, about 43-million children under the age of five were overweight in 2011. Doctors use height, weight and age to measure whether a person is underweight, normal, overweight or obese.
Overweight and obese children are more likely to become overweight and obese adults. The condition can lead to serious health problems like diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
Francesco Branca is the director of the WHO Department of Nutrition for Health and Development. He says people are eating manufactured, or processed, food more often. He says it often has a high sugar, fat and salt content.
The WHO also says people are gaining weight because of city lifestyles. They travel in cars or other vehicles more than on foot. They are less physically active in general.
The WHO says it is common to find poor nutrition and obesity in the same country, the same community and even in the same family. And experts say lowering obesity rates is especially complex in countries that also deal with high rates of infectious diseases.
The WHO has some basic solutions for individuals and countries. The organization says to lower your intake of fat, sugar, salt and processed food. It says eat more fruits and vegetables and increase physical activity.
The WHO says these actions are especially important for children.
And WHO experts say mothers should breastfeed their babies for at least the first six months of life, if possible.
WHO official Francesco Branca says governments should consider providing vitamins for children. He says educational campaigns about problems linked to obesity would also help. And he says government policies should deal with how food is marketed to children.
Mister Branca says food manufacturers must balance quality and taste with the dangers of sugar, fat and salt.
He also said reducing the number of overweight children will not be easy. He says the goal is difficult to meet even in wealthy countries.
1.obese adj. 肥胖的，过胖的
The old man is really obese; it can't be healthy.
那位老人确实过于肥胖了， 不能算是健康 。
2.stroke n. 中风；冲程；笔画；打击；尝试；轻抚
The old man was laid up with a severe stroke.
3.intake n. 摄取量；通风口；引入口；引入的量
Also, try to limit your intake of caffeine and alcohol.
4.breastfeed vt. 以母乳喂养
There are several reasons some mothers may not be able to breastfeed.
1.The WHO also says people are gaining weight because of city lifestyles.
gain weight 体重增加
Some people do gain weight after they stop smoking.
She was a small gray-blonde woman with a tendency to gain weight.
2.Mister Branca says food manufacturers must balance quality and taste with the dangers of sugar, fat and salt.
balance with 权衡；使与…平衡；使与…成均势；使与…相抵消；弥补：
Weariness was balanced with delight.
The penalty does not balance with the offence.
Balance that big rock with these two small ones.
如果问下一般的美国人对非洲儿童的印象，他可能会说他们大多数生活在贫困中，非常瘦小。一般美国人和其他国家的一些人可能会吃惊地看到世界卫生组织最近的一份报告，报告描述的是另一番景象 。凯伦·莱格特为你报道 。