From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.
A new report from the United States surgeon general finds that smoking tobacco is even deadlier than had been known. The report says smoking causes birth defects - a leading cause of death among babies. It also links smoking to cancer of the liver and colon, diabetes and other diseases.
FILE - Cigarettes displayed in a store in New York.
The first U.S. surgeon general's report on tobacco and health was released in 1964. It was the first scientific report to link smoking with lung cancer and heart disease. Now, 50 years later, Acting Surgeon General Boris Lushniak has released a new report. His report provides more evidence about smoking tobacco and how it can harm health.
"If we're going to work together to achieve a society free of tobacco-related disease, this must be understood," said Lushniak.
The new report urges increased use of tobacco-control measures. The suggested controls include raising prices of cigarettes, and expanding bans on smoking in enclosed spaces.
The 2014 report calls for research on whether lowing the amount of nicotine in cigarettes could help people stop smoking. It also contains new findings.
"Today we know that smoking is a cause of diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and poor response to treatment of arthritis, erectile dysfunction, and increased risk of tuberculosis, disease and death. We're adding colon, rectal and liver cancer to the long list of cancers caused by smoking," said Lushniak.
Doctor Lushniak also said smoking suppresses the body's natural defenses for fighting disease. He said this increases a smoker's likelihood of getting an infectious disease.
"One of the most disturbing findings is that the disease risks from smoking by women have risen sharply over the last fifty years. Women are now as likely to die from smoking as men, women smokers' risk of lung cancer is now the same as men, and more women die from chronic lung disease than men," said Lushniak.
The new report finds that those who do not smoke are at a higher risk for stroke if left unprotected from tobacco smoke. The latest research also shows damage to unborn children. Babies are more likely to be born with cleft palate if the mother smokes. The chemicals in tobacco smoke can have lasting effects on brain development in a fetus.
The surgeon general would like to see more action to keep young people from developing a smoking habit. He supports higher prices on cigarettes, more anti-smoking media campaigns and more help for people who want to quit smoking.
And that's the Health Report from VOA Learning English. For more health news, go to our website learningenglish.voanews.com. I'm Bob Doughty.
1.colon n. [解剖] 结肠；
In the U.S., there are 60,000 deaths a year from colon cancer.
2.enclosed adj. 被附上的；与世隔绝的 v. 附上（enclose的过去式和过去分词）
She enclosed a check for $ 50 with the letter.
3.nicotine n. [有化] 尼古丁；[有化] 烟碱
Nicotine produces a feeling of well-being in the smoker.
4.arthritis n. [外科] 关节炎
I have a touch of arthritis in the wrist.
1.The 2014 report calls for research on whether lowing the amount of nicotine in cigarettes could help people stop smoking.
call for 要求；需要；提倡；邀请；为…叫喊
It's a situation that calls for a blend of delicacy and force.
They angrily called for Robinson's resignation.
美国卫生局长的一份最新报告显示，吸烟的危害比之前所知道的更致命。报告称吸烟导致出生缺陷，这是导致婴儿出生的主要原因 。同时吸烟还与肺癌和结肠癌、糖尿病等疾病有关 。
第一份美国卫生局长有关烟草和健康的报告于1964年发表，是将吸烟与肺癌和心脏病相关联的第一份科学报告。50年后的今年，公共卫生代理署长鲍里斯·鲁希尼亚克发表了新的报告 。他的报告提供了更多有关吸烟及其对健康危害的证据 。
这份新报告发现不吸烟者如果不能远离香烟烟雾，更容易患中风。最新研究还表明香烟对胎儿的危害，如果母亲吸烟，婴儿更容易患先天性腭裂 。香烟烟雾中的化学物质能对胎儿大脑发育产生长期影响 。