VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):赞比亚给女孩注射预防HPV疫苗
日期:2013-08-09 11:07

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.

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Zambia has one of the highest rates of cervical cancer in the world, 90 of every 100,000 Zambian women get the preventable disease. The Zambian government recently launched a program to vaccinate school girls against the Human Papilloma Virus - HPV. The virus is known to cause cervical cancer. HPV can spread through sexual contact.

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The government hopes to vaccinate school girls between the ages of 9 - 11 against HPV. The program was launched in May at several schools. One of them is the Kalingalinga Primary School in Lusaka, about 100 students there received the HPV vaccine.

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Euphrasia Mweshi Mutale is a teacher, she was involved in efforts to inform the community about what was expected to be a sensitive subject. Miss Mutale is happy with the earlier results. She says people involved in the program met with parents and teachers to tell them why it is good to vaccinate the girls. She knows there have been no immediate reported side effects from the vaccine, like high body temperature or skin discoloration.

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Mulindi Mwanahamuntu is the director of the Cervical Cancer Prevention Program in Zambia. He says health officials want to vaccinate 25,000 girls as part of the of program, but he says there was some resistance from churches and other groups.

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"The very fact that it is given to the pre-sexual years it would indicate to others that we are permitting children therefore to go out and have sex."

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Zambian and international health officials are working to break the resistance by educating communities in different ways.

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Dr. Pelum-Hazeley is with the United Nations. She starts in a local radio program called Celebrating Life. Her program aims to educate listeners on medical issues, so they can make the right decisions for their children.

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"We just have to continue educating the people because if someone has had a complication, and of course there are reasons why there are complications. It does not necessarily mean the same thing is going to happen here."

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The World Health Organization rates Zambia third on its list of highest death rates from cervical cancer. The country also has the highest cervical cancer rate in Africa.

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And that's the Health Report from VOA Learning English. Go to our website voaspecialenglish.com to leave comments on our stories and to find more stories for people learning American English. I'm Milagros Ardin.

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译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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词汇解释

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1.cervical adj. 颈的;子宫颈的

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Doctors aim to cut the number of women dying from cervical cancer by half this decade.

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医生们这十年的目标在于使死于宫颈癌的妇女人数减少一半H;n[Jm468.0ArYH#

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2.discoloration n. 变色;污点

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Discoloration caused by the sun

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因日照引起的退色xY|]0uAq&,MShvImk

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3.complication n. 并发症;复杂;复杂化;混乱

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They do not have the capabilities to treat this complication here.

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而在这个地方,医生没有能力治疗这种并发症I0JG)u[!=.tW)ExY_oWt

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内容解析

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1.Euphrasia Mweshi Mutale is a teacher, she was involved in efforts to inform the community about what was expected to be a sensitive subject.

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inform about 告发;通知;告诉

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He informed me about your arrival.

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他通知我你到了&a0Q^-v!#vrVx

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You ought to inform the police about that man who's been hiding in the bushes outside your gate.

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那人一直藏在你门外的矮树丛中,你应该把这情况告诉警察.(F.yCR@3%[+fKBz_YD-

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We try and keep ourselves informed about current trends.

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我们设法随时了解形势的发展J4zk@#LgXQ=7Fq5e-^WT

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参考译文

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这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道bx+Szq7=eYzdc

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赞比亚的宫颈癌发病率全世界最高,每10万名赞比亚妇女中就有90人患上这种可预防的疾病aw9KJWWekK*oI1。赞比亚政府最近发起一个为女学生注射预防人乳头瘤病毒(HPV)疫苗的项目(YkT]fV-D#n1JR3TN。据悉HPV能导致宫颈癌,并通过性途径传播UWN&Kek+4i

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政府希望给年龄在9岁到11岁的女学生注射预防HPV的疫苗,该项目5月份在几所学校开始实施,其中一所是卢萨卡市的Kalingalinga小学,约有100名学生注射了HPV疫苗Af7,k_7[P,r6=zg

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Euphrasia Mweshi Mutale是名教师,她参与向市民宣传这个被视为敏感话题的事宜,Mutale很高兴看到初步结果的出现mF~!53!F_,i#ym!;jVF&。她说项目的参加者与父母和教师会面,告诉他们给女孩注射疫苗的好处@5CqLTgnrc[。她知道眼下还没有疫苗副作用的报告,比如高烧或皮肤变色~jW+6MN2yWG|*

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Mulindi Mwanahamuntu是赞比亚宫颈癌预防项目负责人,他说作为项目的一部分,卫生官员希望给2.5万名女孩注射疫苗,但他说会遇到来自教堂等组织的抵制IQO8k0RGiWsQ9Diy7oWK

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“因为这是在性成熟之前注射,这就让有的人认为我们允许儿童发生性行为CYPY*0d9QPyL。”

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赞比亚和国际卫生官员正协同以各种方式教育社区从而打破这种阻力WR54MDnU+K.0PVP.5]

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Pelum-Hazeley就职于联合国,她建立了名为“欢庆生命”的当地广播节目,她的节目旨向听众传播医疗知识,这样人们就可以为自己的孩子做出正确的决定tiFqD9ZoH@+.

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“我们必须继续教育人们,因为如果有人患上并发症,当然患上并发症很正常,但这并不意味着这里也有这种情况出现OQ0E|coHXAaTq。”

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世界卫生组织将赞比亚列为宫颈癌死亡率排名第三的国家,该国的宫颈癌率在非洲也是最高的gTn1If51lufn)IYyg2U

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这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道,登陆网站voaspecialenglish.com对我们的报道进行留言,并找到更多美语学习的报道,我是Milagros Ardint1u]C]-=!Ix

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • decaden. 十年
  • currentn. (水、气、电)流,趋势 adj. 流通的,现在的,
  • immediateadj. 立即的,即刻的,直接的,最接近的
  • sensitiveadj. 敏感的,灵敏的,易受伤害的,感光的,善解人意的
  • informedadj. 见多识广的 v. 通告,告发 vbl. 通告,
  • preventableadj. 可预防的;可阻止的;可防止的
  • virusn. 病毒,病原体
  • spreadv. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒 n. 伸展,传
  • preventionn. 阻止,妨碍,预防
  • resistancen. 抵抗力,反抗,反抗行动;阻力,电阻;反对