VOA慢速新闻附字幕:泰国报道第二起MERS病例
日期:2016-01-29 10:09

(单词翻译:单击)

Thailand's Public Health Ministry says the country has a second case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS.

A public health official said Sunday that a 71-year-old man from Oman came to a hospital in Bangkok Friday. He had a high body temperature and a cough. He received some treatment in his home country that did not help. Like other travelers from the Middle East, he decided to go to Thailand to get medical care.

The man is now at Bamrasnaradura Infectious Diseases Institute, near Bangkok. Tests there showed he has the MERS virus.

Officials are closely watching 37 people who came in contact with the man. They include family members who traveled with him, a taxi driver, passengers who sat near him, flight attendants and hospital workers. These people are in quarantine to prevent them from passing the disease to others.

The first case of MERS in Thailand was reported in June 2015. That case was also a man from Oman. He survived the disease. Because of the earlier MERS case, the Thai health ministry says it has improved its methods of finding the virus, monitoring and treating patients.

MERS is the same type of virus as the common cold. It is caused by a coronavirus. MERS is similar to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, or SARS, another coronavirus.

MERS kills more than 30 percent of the people who are infected with the virus. The main cause of death is respiratory infections. People with MERS have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing. There is no vaccine, but the U.S. Centers for Disease Control says that the National Institutes of Health is looking into developing one.

The Mayo Clinic says treatment includes rest, fluids, pain relievers and oxygen therapy. MERS does not spread easily. It usually only affects people who are in close contact with an infected person.

The first case of MERS in humans was found in Saudi Arabia in 2012. Most of the cases have been in the Middle East.

I'm Jill Robbins.

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重点单词
  • flightn. 飞行,航班 n. 奇思妙想,一段楼梯 n.
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • spreadv. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒 n. 伸展,传
  • temperaturen. 温度,气温,体温,发烧
  • acuteadj. 敏锐的,剧烈的
  • therapyn. 疗法,治疗
  • quarantinen. 四十天,隔离,封锁交通,检疫期间 vt. 检疫,停
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • fevern. 发烧,发热,狂热 v. (使)发烧,(使)狂热
  • respiratoryadj. 呼吸的,与呼吸有关的