The World Health Organization says an increasing number of infections cannot be treated because of growing resistance to antibiotic drugs. This resistance puts the lives of millions of people at risk.
The WHO studied 133 countries. It found that no part of the world is ready to fight the growing threat. It says only twenty-five percent of the countries it studied has a thorough plan to fight resistance to antibiotics and other antimicrobial medicines.
The study also found that many people do not know about the problem. And, the researchers say many people believe antibiotics are effective against viral infections. The organization says this misunderstanding causes antibiotics to be used even when they will not work. The resulting overuse can cause resistance.
Charles Penn is a WHO expert on antimicrobial resistance. He says researchers discovered that antibiotics and similar medicines are sold in many places without a doctor's prescription. He says this increases the possibility of overuse of antibiotics and increases resistance.
The WHO official says urgent action is needed or the world will enter a "post-antibiotic" period. That means a time when common infections and minor injuries could once again kill people. Charles Penn says doctors also would lose the ability to treat many more serious conditions like tuberculosis, HIV and malaria. And he says advanced medical treatments like major surgery will become much riskier or impossible.
This is not a problem for future worry. Charles Penn says there are diseases and infections that no longer are treatable with available antibiotics today. For example, he says antibiotics no longer affect the disease gonorrhea.
"Another example would be hundreds of thousands of new cases of multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis each year. Again, these are infections that have already become very difficult to treat. And it's difficult to put a precise number on what will happen in the future, but if we do not act it can only get worse."
The World Health Assembly is now meeting in Geneva to discuss a Global Action Plan to fight antimicrobial and antibiotic resistance.
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1.antibiotic adj. 抗生的；抗菌的 n. 抗生素，抗菌素
Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
2.antimicrobial n. [药] 抗菌剂；杀菌剂 adj. 抗菌的
Administration of the appropriate antimicrobial drug may be successful in removing evidence of infection.
3.overuse n. 过度使用 vt. 把…使用过度
Don't overuse heated appliances on your hair.
4.prescription n. 药方；指示；惯例 adj. 凭处方方可购买的
The new drug will not require a physician's prescription.
1.The World Health Organization says an increasing number of infections cannot be treated because of growing resistance to antibiotic drugs.
resistance to 对……的抵抗
Generally speaking there was no resistance to the idea.
We have been guilty of parochialism, of resistance to change.
2.This resistance puts the lives of millions of people at risk.
put...at risk 使处于危险境地
For every farm job that is lost, two or three other jobs in the area are put at risk.
The doctor must not allow the patient to be put at risk.
世卫组织官员称需要采取紧急措施，否则全世界将进入后抗生素时代，这意味着常见的感染和轻伤就能再次夺人性命。查尔斯·宾说医生们还会失去治疗很多更严重疾病的能力，包括肺结核、艾滋病和疟疾 。他说像大手术这样的先进医疗手段将变得更危险或不可能 。