From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.
The United Nations Children's Fund is praising Ethiopia for reaching one of the Millennium Development Goals on child survival. UNICEF officials say Ethiopia has reduced its number of child death by more than two-thirds.
Between 1990 and 2012, the country reported a 67 percent drop in the number of children dying before the age of five.
Ethiopia's Minister of Health Kesetebirhan Admasu welcomed the good news, but he admitted that even with the improvement Ethiopia is considered a high-mortality country.
"If you look at the absolute number of children dying in Ethiopia, it is still huge. We have committed to end all preventive child deaths in a generation by 2035. And we have developed a roadmap to reach that ambitious target."
Diarrhea, pneumonia and malaria are the leading causes of death among young children in Ethiopia. In 1990, the country's death rate for children under five was one of the highest in the world, it was 204 death for every 1,000 births.
The rate is now at 68 per 1,000, this means that hundreds of thousands of Ethiopian children who might have died in earlier years now reach their fifth birthday.
Ethiopia is one of four African countries to have reached a Millennium Development Goal, the other three are Liberia, Malawi and Tanzania.
One of the reasons for Ethiopia's success is its Health Extension Program, because of it, 38,000 people were employed to bring health care services to a large part of the rural population.
Peter Salama is UNICEF representative to Ethiopia. He says Ethiopia's plan of action can serve as an example for other countries:
"Several other African countries have come to do study tours, including delegations from Togo, Guinea, Namibia - all came to study the health extension program and see how they can replicate this critical lesson of bringing health care to the doorstep of the rural population."
The United Nations first announced the Millennium Development Goals 13 years ago, the goals remain to help countries pay more attention to issues such as fighting extreme poverty.
Progress on the Millennium Development Goal of reducing child death is slow in most countries, only 13 of 61 countries are in a position to meet the goal.
And that's the Health Report from VOA Learning English. You can watch our captioned videos at the VOA Learning English channel on YouTube. You can also visit our website email@example.com find transcripts and audio of our shows. I'm Faith Lapidus.
1.mortality n. 死亡数，死亡率；必死性，必死的命运
After her mother's death, she became acutely aware of her own mortality.
2.diarrhea n. 腹泻，痢疾
Excessive diarrhea or liquid stools contribute to skin breakdown.
3.pneumonia n. 肺炎
Penicillin cured him of pneumonia.
4.replicate vt. 复制；折叠
Nothing has the capacity to replicate itself except DNA.
1.Peter Salama is UNICEF representative to Ethiopia. He says Ethiopia's plan of action can serve as an example for other countries:
serve as 担任…，充当…；起…的作用
He was served as a general.
Newspaper serves me as a curtain.
2.Progress on the Millennium Development Goal of reducing child death is slow in most countries, only 13 of 61 countries are in a position to meet the goal.
in a position to 能够，可以
We're now in a position to dictate our own demands.
He wasn't in a position to help me.
这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道，你可登陆网站learningenglish@voanews.com下载所有节目的文本、音频，还可在YouTube上找到慢速英语的视频，我是Faith Lapidus 。