From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.
Japan and Germany have the world's oldest populations, but neither country has enough trained health care workers to meet the needs of older adults. So, they are turning to Vietnam for help.
This month, 100 young Vietnamese are going to Germany as part of a project to train what are called geriatric nurses to work in the European country. The trainees recently completed a six-month language and culture class in Hanoi, they will spend the next two years in an occupational training program. If the trainees pass the final exam, they will be able to work in Germany as geriatric nurses for another 3 years.
Germany is facing a crisis as low birth rates combine with a growing population of citizens who are living longer. About 20 percent of the population is over the age of 65, and that percentage is expected to continue rising.
This is a problem Japan also faces. Later this year, 150 Vietnamese candidates will go to Japan for two years of training at the country's hospitals, after that they are expected to take the national nursing exam.
Japan already trains nurses from the Philippines and Indonesia, but the health care system has been criticized for being too restrictive. All candidates must take the same exam, but it is very difficult for foreign applicants because few can speak the Japanese language.
Yoko Tsuruya is the first secretary at the Japan's embassy in Hanoi. She says foreign nationals are given some help to complete the test, like being given more time to answer questions. To improve training, the government plans to combine language classes with real-life experience on the job.
Even with an aging population, many Japanese are opposed to foreigners working in some industries. Critics say foreign labor could lead to higher unemployment, but there is little opposition to foreign nurses.
In Vietnam, the situation is very different. 60 percent of the population was born after the Vietnam war ended in 1975. There is not enough jobs for everyone who wants one. Most children are expected to care for their aging parents when they get old.
Huong Thi Thi - the nurse trainee, thinks that in the future, Vietnam will need more hospitals for its elderly, but she adds, learning the skills overseas can help the Vietnamese develop this area for themselves.
And that's the Health Report from VOA Learning English. go to our website voalearningenglish.com to leave comments on our stories and to find more stories for people learning American English. I'm Milagros Ardin.
1.geriatric adj. 老人的；老年医学的 n. 老年病人；衰老老人
Geriatric services are provided in all acute and extended care hospitals.
2.real-life adj. 现实的；实在的
The movie is based on a real-life incident.
3.embassy n. 大使馆；大使馆全体人员
He was quartered at the embassy when he arrived in Paris.
1.So, they are turning to Vietnam for help.
turn to 转向；变成；求助于；致力于；开始行动
She turned to me for advice.
The students turned to and cleaned up their camping site.
2.Even with an aging population, many Japanese are opposed to foreigners working in some industries.
opposed to 反对；反对…的
She remained bitterly opposed to the idea of moving abroad.
The man in the street is opposed to this idea.
本月，100名越南年轻人准备去德国，参加到欧洲国家工作的名为老年护理的培训项目。受训者最近在河内完成了6个月的语言和文化课程，他们准备未来两年进行职业培训项目 。如果通过最终考试，他们将能在德国再做三年的老年科护士 。
Yoko Tsuruya是日本驻河内大使馆的一秘，她说已给外国人一些帮助以完成考试，比如可以有更多时间答题。为提高培训，政府计划将语言课和工作中的实习经验结合起来 。
实习护士Huong Thi Thi认为，未来越南将需要更多医院提供给老年人，但她说，在海外学习技能可帮助越南人发展自己的这一领域。