From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.
Researchers have appealed for new efforts to stop polio in countries where the disease never seems to disappear. They say stronger health systems and greater community involvement are needed in three such countries – Nigeria, Afghanistan and Pakistan. All three have faced attacks by militants, political unrest and a lack of trust among the populations.
The researchers made them appear in the publication PLOS Medicine. Seye Abimbola works for Nigeria's National Primary Health Care Development Agency. He says it's time to move away from what has been called a leader-centric approach to polio eradication. Such a methodology plays more importance on leadership than shared responsibility.
In this May 28, 2013 photo, Somali vaccination workers give an anti-polio drop to a child, in Mogadishu. Somalia.
Dr. Abimbola says parents often have reasonable concerns about the safety of vaccines. He says some families may have lost one or two children to diseases like pneumonia, malaria, and diarrhea. A mother he says may wonder what the government is doing about sicknesses other than polio.
Dr. Abimbola says polio immunization should be part of a larger health and development intervention program. He writes, "the ambition of the global health community to eradicate polio appears to be blinding it to lessons learned about health systems over the past 30 years."
He says it is now more important than ever to deal with people who distrust polio prevention as human beings with real concerns, not as an opponent. Further, he says it is important to somehow show militant groups that health interventions are necessary.
For example, aid agencies say there have been cases when even the Taliban in Afghanistan has supported immunization campaigns against polio.
Seye Abimbola says the Afghan Taliban approves of action against polio, because the group thinks of itself as waiting to take control of the government. In his words, when a militant group wants the trust of the people, they go at it by trying to do what the people want.
The doctor sees the support of the Taliban as its way of seeking to gain legitimacy, trying to seem responsible and worthy of governing.
And that's the Health Report from VOA Learning English. I'm Milagros Ardin.
1.polio n. 小儿麻痹症（等于poliomyelitis）；脊髓灰质炎
Polio has been virtually eradicated in Brazil.
2.eradication n. 消灭，扑灭；根除
The eradication of an established infestation is not easy.
3.vaccination n. 接种疫苗；种痘
Smallpox can be contained by vaccination.
4.legitimacy n. 合法；合理；正统
The newspaper was directly challenging the government's legitimacy.
1.He writes, "the ambition of the global health community to eradicate polio appears to be blinding it to lessons learned about health systems over the past 30 years."
blind to 无视于…；对…熟视无睹
Her charm blinded me to her faults.
He is blind to his own faults.
2.The doctor sees the support of the Taliban as its way of seeking to gain legitimacy, trying to seem responsible and worthy of governing.
seek to 追求；争取；力图
In order to maximize profit the firm would seek to maximize output.
We will aggressively seek to control the weaponry of war.
研究者在《公共科学图书馆·医学》上发表了这一看法，Seye Abimbola 就职于尼日利亚国家初级卫生保健发展机构，他说在消除小儿麻痹问题上，是时候摈弃以领导为中心的解决办法了。这种方法更注重领导力而不是共享责任 。
Abimbola说父母总是对疫苗的安全性表示担心，这很正常。他说有的家庭可能因肺炎、疟疾和腹泻等疾病失去了一两个孩子 。母亲会想知道政府在小儿麻痹之外的其他疾病上能做些什么 。
Seye Abimbola说阿富汗塔利班批准预防小儿麻痹的工作，因为该组织认为自己在等着接替政府。用他的话来说，当武装组织希望得到人民的信任时，就会努力满足人民所需 。