From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.
How far would you go for a perfect body? Many people these days are going as far as South Africa to get their version of perfection. People from across Africa and the world come for so-called surgery "safaris".
There are no animals to see on these safaris. The visitors look instead for smaller stomachs, firmer bottoms or perhaps a new eye, nose or chin. Businesses that provide medical safaris say they have seen a large increase in African customers.
VOA's Gillian Parker spoke with several cosmetic surgeons in Johannesburg for her report. South Africa is becoming the leading country in Africa for people seeking cosmetic surgery.
For years South Africa has appeal to medical tourists from Europe and the United States. But local cosmetic surgeons say now more clients from Africa's growing economies are interested in such operations.
Lorraine Melvill is a doctor with Surgeon and Safari. She has been performing cosmetic surgeries for nearly 16 years in Johannesburg. She says that more than 80 percent of her clients now come from sub-Saharan Africa. She says this is because Africa did not experience the economic problems that hit other parts of the world.
"When the West started having its economic downturn, it was almost a symbiotic change and the scales just tilted. And we know Africa wasn't as affected by the economic downturn. There is also a huge emerging African middle class that has come to the fore...for us, the growing market is the sub-Saharan African market... Africa is where we are looking to the future," Lorraine said.
Her clients are treated like movie stars. Assistants take them from the airport to a luxurious guesthouse. They explain in detail the medical operation to be done. Doctors operate the next day.
Clients can spend anywhere from $5,000 to $7,000 on a cosmetic treatment. They might spend an additional $2,000 on the cost of the hotel while they heal.
For many African women, less is more. Ms. Melvill says the most popular forms of cosmetic surgeries for African women are breast reduction and liposuction. Liposuction removes fat from the body. So-called tummy tucks are also common, this treatment removes fat from a person's middle.
South Korea is also a popular spot for cosmetic surgery. But the leading treatments there are operations to create larger eyes, thinner noses and pointier chins. A 2009 report from the research company Trend Monitor said one in five South Korean women has had plastic surgery. But South Africa is catching up.
I'm Anna Matteo.
1.cosmetic adj. 美容的；化妆用的 n. 化妆品；装饰品
It is a cosmetic measure which will do nothing to help the situation long term.
2.downturn n. 衰退（经济方面）；低迷时期
They predicted a severe economic downturn.
3.liposuction n. 脂肪吸除手术；抽脂术
I think she's had liposuction and double eyelid surgery.
1.There is also a huge emerging African middle class that has come to the fore...for us, the growing market is the sub-Saharan African market...
come to the fore 涌现；崭露头角
At the championships more promising divers are expected to come to the fore.
This factor will come increasingly to the fore as election day nears.
“西方经济开始下行，这是一种共生变化，天平开始倾斜。我们知道非洲没有怎么受到经济下行的影响 。同时非洲出现庞大的新兴中产阶级，对我们来说，这一发展的市场就是撒哈拉南部非洲，我们在非洲寻找未来 。”
对很多非洲妇女来说，瘦就是美。梅耳维尔说最受非洲妇女欢迎的美容手术项目是缩胸和抽脂 。抽脂是从身体里抽出脂肪，所谓的腹部整形术也很常见，这种手术从人体腹部抽去脂肪 。