VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):2014年最受欢迎的健康报道
日期:2015-01-01 10:51

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.

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To end the year on a happy note, we thought you might like to re-visit Learning English Health Report stories that were popular with you.

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We looked at the numbers. We looked at which stories you viewed most and commented on. We looked at which stories you Liked, Shared or Tweeted. By doing so, we have learned a few things about you.

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Many of you like self-improvement stories. You like to read about staying healthy and living a long life. You like to know how your brain works best and what can affect your power of memory.

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Many of you also like stories about people who are getting older but who are still making their dreams come true.

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Here are some highlights from the Health Report for 2014. It includes comments from our international audience.

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Sit Less, Live Longer

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We all sit a lot. The story "Sit Less, Live Longer" explores the dangers of sitting too much. It encouraged many of you to get up from your desks and move more at work.

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Many of you described in the comments section how you move and exercise during the day. Some of you shared stories of losing weight and fighting illness to enjoy a more active lifestyle.

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Taras from Ukraine says, "Great article! I spend a lot of time sitting in front of the computer. So I like go to work or home on foot, it takes like two hours per day."

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And Karen from Brazil adds, "In my work I spend a lot of time sitting, but I try to work out and play volleyball every week!"

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Are You Hardcore Enough for CrossFit?

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In April we asked our listeners if they were committed enough to exercise to do CrossFit. Many responded.

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CrossFit is a fitness trend that has been very popular in recent years. It uses very basic but very challenging exercises. Some say it is too easy to get hurt doing CrossFit. But some like the fact that you do the exercises in teams.

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Rocio from Spain says this: "I think it is a very good method to practice exercise." He says working in a team is "great motivation."

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But Masaki Kato from Japan says, "CrossFit is bad for the body" because the movements are too hard. He says, "To stay fit, I think it is important to do a moderate exercise" such as walking for 30 minutes a day.

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How Does My Brain Work Best?

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Our listeners like their brains. And they seem to like reports on how to use their brains most effectively.

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For example, we wrote about a study that found if you write your class notes by hand, you will remember them better than if you type them.

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Is Writing Notes by Hand Better Than Typing?

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Henry from Venezuela says, "Taking notes is helpful when I put all the words down using my hand. I just take into consideration what is important to me."

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And a listener called "White Crystal" from Vietnam says, "In my opinion, when you (want to) remember something, write it. Because, when you're writing it means you're thinking about it. You use listening, understanding, seeing (and) thinking."

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The story While You Sleep the Brain Works reports that the brain cleans itself while we are fast asleep. So getting a good night's sleep is important to good mental and physical health.

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Yangfangxin Yu from China says, "I CAN NOT stay up late. Otherwise I will be stupid!"

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Babies, Babies, Babies! Who Doesn't Love Babies?

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Our article "Women Giving Birth at Home -- On Purpose!" talks about a U.S. birth trend. Increasingly, women of color are using midwives to give birth naturally.

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In the comments section, many women from all over the world share the birthing culture in their countries.

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Anna from Vietnam writes, "In my country, pregnant women are taken care of carefully in (a) hospital. (A) child is very important to parents in my country. Therefore, they choose caesarean section for their baby more than natural delivery."

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And Veca from Taiwan shares her own personal birth story.

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"My baby was born through natural birth at (a) hospital. The biggest impact for me is that I saw a birth of life.

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It's Never Too Late to Make Your Dreams Come True

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Two stories seemed to inspire many listeners. Jerry Ried earned his first college degree at the age of 70. And Mary Moe fulfilled her dream of becoming a pilot at the age of 91.

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After listening to the story of Mr. Reid, Nobue from Japan wrote, "Actually, I have some dreams in mind, and follow these dreams. ... I am such a happy person that I can follow my dreams. I will give them my best shot."

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Mary Moe's story inspired Anoosheh from Iran to write:

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"I am a 56 (year) old woman. In my entire life I had some dreams but none of them (have) come true because I did not have a good situation but after I read this article I decided to ... spread my wings and help myself to try (to make) one of my dreams come true and it is learning language."

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And Diego Santos from Brazil says, "I've always thought there is no age to do what you want to do. Your body could age, but your spirit can be always young!"

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Thanks to all of our listeners who read and listen to the Health Report. Let us know in the comments section what you are doing to make your life healthy and happy in 2015.

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Happy New Year from VOA Learning English.

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I'm Anna Matteo.

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词汇解释

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1.moderate adj. 稳健的,温和的;适度的,中等的;有节制的 vi. 变缓和,变弱 vt. 节制;减轻

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He was an easygoing man of very moderate views.
他是一个有着温和观点性情随和的人.zVC^j#Q0AFOK@*kJ;I

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2.midwife n. 助产士;促成因素 vt. 助胎儿出生;促成

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You don't have to call the midwife as soon as labour starts.
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3.caesarean adj. 剖腹产的;帝国的;凯撒的 n. 剖腹产;专制独裁者

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The baby was born by Caesarean section.
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内容解析

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1.In my work I spend a lot of time sitting, but I try to work out and play volleyball every week!

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work out 解决;算出;实现;制定出;消耗完;弄懂;锻炼

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Work out at a gym or swim twice a week.
每周两次在健身房锻炼或游泳2[#np@fM@S)I+BWh

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Negotiators are due to meet later today to work out a compromise.
谈判者们预定在今天晚些时候会面以找到一个折中的办法SuyE+Ej]X|xwAGxH+Xa

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参考译文

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这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道K6hrAJPR9W%1V)(rj4

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为了给今年画上一个圆满的句号,我想你们可能想回顾下今年受欢迎的美国之音慢速英语健康报道rxcm*@]L~,

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我们查看了数据,看了浏览和评论最多的报道,还看了大家点赞、分享或发推特的报道,这样我们就能了解到大家的喜好E%GoeK_;g^

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大家很多都喜欢自我提升的报道,你们喜欢阅读保持健康和实现长寿的报道,还喜欢看大脑如何最好地运转,以及什么能影响记忆力,6VpV2XYIEiQ9SjXl

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很多人还喜欢看那些虽然年老,却仍能将梦想实现的人sz(9AIB3dnR+WW

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下面是2014年健康报道的一点焦点,还包括有我们国际听众的评论7-)2~uK#F4d%[-zu

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我们都坐得很久,“少坐更长寿”这篇报道探索了坐得太久的危险,并鼓励大家工作时多站出来,多起来动动KRs=.4H6A*4Y~1=Yp#

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很多人在评论中描述了自己一天中是如何走动和锻炼的,有的人还分享了自己通过减肥和战胜疾病而享受更有活力生活的故事g0x;@|!dGyMxIt6Bn[,

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来自乌克兰的Taras说,“很棒的报道,我在电脑前坐得很久,所以我喜欢走路上下班,每天要行走两小时vv]D&K4|U0Fb~,ES#@n。”

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来自巴西的Karen说,“我在工作中坐得就,但我努力每周锻炼和打排球yxB_ir08TW&s*Q!hZ)*[。”

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4月份我们问大家是否有足够的决心进行混合健身,很多人发表了评论mCZbaL)%,J(WW~

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混合健身是近几年非常流行的一种健身趋势,使用的是非常基本但又很有挑战的锻炼cZo5|gQ80E&xjN+w2te。有些人说做混合健身很容易受伤,但也有人喜欢团队健身o[-.)TAH*p%RBG

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来自西班牙的Rocio说,"我觉得这是锻炼的好办法6km-XN_Dau%。”他说团队锻炼是很好的激励MPPe(FXu&#Q[B

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但来自日本的Masaki Kato说,“混合健身对身体不好”,因为这种运动太难了ty52f0X=,@mJDaq

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他说,“要保持健康,我想重要的是做适度的锻炼”,比如每天行走30分钟WS=.|1MonjOgp%7

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我们的听众都喜欢自己的大脑,他们似乎喜欢如何高效使用大脑的报道d=mF1)LXG&b=Cl[hV

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比如,我们报道了这样一份研究:如果在课堂上手写笔记,你就会比打字记得更清楚sS+m0Esy;B

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手写笔记比打字更好吗?

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来自委内瑞拉的亨利说,“手写笔记很有用,我只考虑什么对我来说重要fWOdl[v*.4InfdI%rM。”

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来自越南的听众“白水晶”说,“在我看来,如果你想记住什么东西,就写出来o99.WN#f)p_Y&4。因为当你写时你会思考,你会使用听觉、理解力和思考];#_[k0BR@IK-7]a。”

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“当你睡觉时大脑仍在工作”这篇报道称,当人睡觉时大脑会自我清理,所以睡个好觉对保持身心健康来说很重要g3-0hP=!|((.^v

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来自中国的杨芳新说,“我不能熬夜,否则我会变傻ptEZ4x_6KV8,yEE7FkI。”

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“在家自然分娩”这篇报道谈到美国的一个分娩趋势,越来越多的有色人种女性开始使用助产士来帮助自然分娩-+4Y_(IT=^oM.k^iPd72

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在评论区中,全世界很多女性都分享了本国的分娩文化[LBd|U;IA[P

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来自越南的安娜说,“在我们国家,孕妇会在医院得到悉心的照顾,在我国,孩子对父母来说很重要4LnI1rOaK[U。因此,他们会选择剖腹产而不是自然分娩X#Kk3rtqqlz31。”

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来自台湾的Veca分享了她自己的分娩故事fH|^|gv|N]|

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“我的宝宝是在医院自然分娩的,这对我来说最大的意义是,我看到生命的诞生o#xm4,3;wleC6Od|@X。”

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有两篇报道似乎激发了很多听众,杰瑞·里德70岁那年获得第一个大学学位,玛丽·萌91岁那年实现了成为飞行员的梦想z5!7TivB,NCA,%6wNx]

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听到里德的故事后,来自日本的Nobue写道,“事实上,我心中也有一些梦想,追随我的梦想...我能追随自己的梦想,所以我很幸福,我会为之竭尽全力wY%xm.OW;~Vrn@)。”

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伊朗的Anoosheh被马利亚·萌的故事激励后写道:

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“我是一位56岁的妇女,我的一生也有梦想,但没有一个梦想得以实现,因为我没有好的条件,但读了这篇报道后,我决定展开双翅,努力实现学习语言的梦想lgWxA86tDN~g9。”

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来自巴西的迪哥·桑托斯说,“我一直认为做什么都没有年龄限制,你的身体可能会老去,但你的精神可以永葆年轻r^T5%gI+lzd3h,x。”

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感谢所有收听和阅读健康报道的朋友们,欢迎在评论区告诉我们你在做什么来让你的2015年更健康更快乐Vk|112f#YYyKGe;

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美国之音慢速英语祝大家新年快乐!

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我是安娜·马特奥@K|e,VdGZ|=Tm|HkxV

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